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Abnormal Sychology Essay

1047 words - 4 pages

Psychological problems resulting from head trauma, brain tumors, nutritional disorders, endocrine disorders, and brain infections.There are many different ways the brain can be damaged or become diseased. Because the brain is responsible for so many functions, these disorders can greatly affect their personality and psychological well being. Some of the main causes are head trauma, brain tumors, nutritional deficiencies, endocrine disorders or infections of the brain.Brain tumors can cause damage whether they are benign or malignant. A benign (non-cancerous) brain tumor will cause the brain to press against the skull possibly resulting in brain damage. Malignant brain tumors multiply cells so fast that the neighboring healthy cells are destroyed. The person may feel confused or depressed as their personality may also be affected by the tumor. They may not take care of themselves they way used to in regard to proper dress and hygiene. Even if the tumor is removed sometimes their personality will be changed permanently, although it may be a result of the surgery. One "straight A" classmate of mine had become more capricious after having a tumor removed. She was able to do the work but was no longer top of her class, and a slight, but evident change, had occurred in her personality. Even some of the people she "hung out" with had changed.Trauma to the head can also result in these kinds psychological changes. A person can suffer from a concussion, contusion, or a laceration. A concussion is a momentary loss of consciousness due to a violent blow to the head. Someone can have a concussion playing football or in a car accident. Mild concussions usually result in a complete recovery but repeated concussions may cause long term psychological damage. Severe concussions may cause amnesia, a disorder where the person cannot remember events prior to the injury or post traumatic stress disorder, where they plagued by recurrent and intrusive images of the event. A contusion occurs when the head is hit so hard that the brain is pounded against the skull usually resulting in a coma. Repeated contusions will result in dementia and emotional instability. "Punch Drunk Syndrome" as some may call it, is experienced by boxer after many concussions and contusions, and results in impaired speech and motor skills, shaking, dizziness, and memory problems. A laceration is the most serious type of head trauma because it is caused when something actually enters the skull and pierces the brain tissue. As always, the damage will vary depending on the injury. Different parts of the brain are responsible for different functions, so the type of psychological damage will depend on brain area that was damaged. If not death, major mental or physical impairment can result from a laceration. Sometimes parts of the brain that control rationale or decision making are damaged, so the person may seem okay, but in actuality their personality is changed permanently, usually resulting in...

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