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Abolishing Slavery In America Essay

1646 words - 7 pages

Slavery today is a large concern to many people, just as it always has been. Any type of slavery is considered immoral and unjust in today’s society and standards. However, before the Civil War, slavery was as common as owning a dog today. Many in the United States, particularly in the South, viewed slavery as a “positive good” and owned slaves that were crucial to their business and income. However, the Civil War then changed the lifestyle of many southerners in a negative way. After the Civil War, slavery was abolished and any man owning a slave was required to let them free and view them as an equal. This was a difficult thing to do and eventually led to a downfall and destroyed economy in the southern United States. Abolishing slavery hurt the country economically and socially at the time and slavery was socially acceptable.
For example, abolishing slavery in the United States was unfair towards the South. The South’s economical state depended on the backs of the slaves. After all, slavery was a form of free labor that gave southern plantation owners an affordable way to mass produce. Slavery became so common that it was a dependent for the South (Arrington). Slavery in the eighteen hundreds was as important to southern plantations as cars are for most people today. Without one’s slaves, there was almost no way to earn a profit and be successful for some. When President Lincoln and Congress proposed the removal of slavery, many in the South became upset by this. After all, who was a white northerner to tell a southern plantation owner what he can and cannot do on his land hundreds of miles away? The North did not understand how important slavery was to the Southern economy. The removal of slavery would soon destroy the South’s economy, much to the North’s success.
Furthermore, the removal of slavery in the United States hurt the nation economically by devastating the South’s economy. Before the Civil War, the South produced about two thirds of the world’s cotton and was highly dependent on exporting cotton. However, when the Civil war broke out, many countries stopped importing the South’s cotton because they had already had a surplus of cotton and did not want to have to deal with the United States’ internal affairs. This lack of places to export cotton devastated the South’s economy (Arrington). The Civil War was the straw that broke the camel’s back in regards to the South’s economy. One of the main reasons that the Civil War happened was because the states were arguing over the idea of slavery and the South in the end felt betrayed by the president and Congress. When the South went against the North, it was mainly the agricultural side of the nation versus the manufacturing side of the nation. The South had nowhere to send its cotton and other crops because they had no docks; they normally sent the crops up North since the North had all of the processing factories and ship yards. In addition to the South not being able to sell its crops...

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