Abolitionists in the Industrial Revolution
Imagine working for 11 hours a day for as little at 50 cents an hour. Working conditions are inhospitable, the food is terrible, and even your children have to work to make the money needed for your family. This is the somber picture that was a reality for the working class in Europe and America during the industrial revolution. Now picture this horrible nightmare but you get no pay and are forced to work for life under a master. As a slave, that was what life was like. A multitudinous amount of factories in Europe were textile factories that needed a capacious amount of cotton which was being produced in the colonies in the new world that Britain had under its control. Working on those field for no pay, all day where thousands of slaves that were taken from Africa and sold into this atrocious trade. With the astronomical changes in daily life ushered in by the modernization of this time period and revolts from many groups, it wasn't long until Abolitionists came in to fight against the slave trade, another injustice among many still present in Europe.
One of the most prominent abolitionists in Europe was William Wilberforce, a highly religious and and a member of the English parliament. Coming out of Cambridge university, he was elected to parliament at age 21. In 1783 he met James Ramsay where he discussed slavery for the very first time. He gave up his former hedonistic life after religious transformation and even contemplated on leaving Parliament but was advised not to. He joined a evangelical Christian group known as the Clapham Sect in 1790. His faith impelled him to take interest in social reform and he particularly focused on improving factory conditions in Britain. In 1787, he was approached by Thomas Clarkson on an essay he had written on
Slavery. They then built a partnership that would last for 50 years.
Wilberforce was a very gifted speaker and made into opposition the amorphous emotions of the rich. This segwayed to his rise in party politics and eventual gain in the number of supporters for his cause. He pushed for bills in parliament to ban the slave trade from 1789 onward. First time, he lost significantly but...