African Americans were always treated like animals by the whites. It was as though they didn’t even consider them people. By the 1800s, Blacks were getting sick and tired of how they were treated and decided it was time to make a change. So in the early years of the 19th century, Blacks created an organized antislavery movement. Unfortunately, this movement didn’t exactly last long and it wasn’t very effective either. But after 1830, a new leading figure emerged and his name was William Lloyd Garrison. He began an abolitionist movement that really changed the nation as a whole.
The movement that occurred before the 1830s had no real effect on the nation as a whole. The concept was centered on colonization. They were trying to get the freed African Americans to move to Africa or the Caribbean’s. They created the American Colonization Society, which challenged slavery without challenging the property of the slave owners. This movement wasn’t successful because, unlike the one that occurs later on, instead of trying to keep all of the African Americans together, they tried to separate them which didn’t help the cause of stopping slavery. It just helped it out. This was the difference between the early opposition to slavery and the later movement.
In 1831, Garrison launched his weekly newspaper, the Liberator. This newspaper was all about how people viewed slavery and how they viewed it in all the wrong ways. He argued that people shouldn’t view slavery as an evil influence on white society, but on how it makes African Americans look bad. He also spoke of the advocates of colonization, which were those who started an antislavery movement in the early 19th century, and how they weren’t really against slavery. They were really trying to support it by trying to get rid of the Africans that were free. This newspaper sparked an interest in a large group of people who were against slavery. He got enough people to start the New England Antislavery society in 1832 and in 1833 he created a convention in Philadelphia that was named the American Antislavery Society. This was only the beginning of an Antislavery movement that was going to take the nation by storm.