A Bomb Essay

1601 words - 7 pages

On August 6th 1945, the United States, led by Harry Truman, decided to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan, forever changing warfare. This paper will be dedicated to why Harry Truman decided to use the atomic bomb on Japan and the effects that this decision had on humanity afterward.
The creation of the atomic bomb, and subsequently the Manhattan Project, was created in response to the belief that the German Government was in the process of creating atomic weapons. This belief was expressed to President Roosevelt in a letter written to him by Albert Einstein, who introduce Roosevelt to the ability of atomic weapons and shared with him that the German Government had stop selling the crucial ingredient of uranium from their recently conquered mines in Czechoslovakia. This caused Einstein to believe that the Nazis were in the process of creating their own atomic weapons and stated the “German Under-Secretary of State, Von Weishlicker, is attached to the Kaiser Wilheim Institute in Berlin where some of the American work on uranium is now being repeated.” This sparked the creation of the Manhattan project in 1941 and within 4 years and two billion dollars later, the atomic bomb was created. And although the atomic bomb was created with the notion of keeping up with the Nazi’s weaponry, by the time the atomic bomb was created and tested in the United States, Germany had already signed their unconditional surrender, officially ending the conflict in Europe, which means the United States turned its focus to potentially using the bomb on the Japanese.
So why did Harry Truman decide to use the atomic bomb? There are several reasons that factor into his decision to use the bomb. One factor was the type of war that was being fought in the Pacific. The War in the Pacific, from an American perspective, was started by an unprovoked attack on Pearl Harbor, which resulted in several thousand American deaths. This attack was not taken lightly but the American people nor by President Roosevelt who stated the December 7th, 1941 was “a date that will live in infamy.” This was the beginning of the bitter attitude the Americans felt toward to Japanese. This attitude was only compounded when United States Government were informed of the treatment of American prisoners of war after the Battle of Bataan in the Philippines, which resulted in the Bataan Death March in April 1942. The Bataan Death March was a 65-mile march in which American and Filipino prisoners of war were gathered into groups of 100 and forced to march North towards Camp O’Donnell. The prisoners were given little food or water during the march, which led to starvation and extreme fatigue for many of the soldiers. On occasion, soldiers would break formation to try and drink stagnant water of the sides of the road, after having their canteens emptied by the Japanese. These actions resulted in being bayoneted or shot. Other actions by the Japanese were dragging prisoners behind trucks, making the...

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