Social Exclusion Of The Aboriginal Population Of Australia

1926 words - 8 pages

Another issue which commonly affects the Aboriginal population, inhibiting the experience of good health, is culture clash which consistently lead to social exclusion and societal assimilation. Urquhart (2009) identifies social exclusion as the fourth of ten social determinants of health and is often a result of culture clash. It is very important to recognise that culture clash is a cultural issue which gives rise to certain discrepancies that highly influence Aboriginal health. These discrepancies are complex and interspersed factors such as ethnocentrism, segregation and oppression, which all result in the social exclusion and societal assimilation of Aboriginals. Ethnocentrism is described as the tendency to view one’s own culture as superior to all other cultures (Cooper, 2012). Crisp and Taylor (2008) endow that “All people are inclined towards ethnocentrism” and this was reiterated by the Storti (2012) who stated that “Not only is judging natural, it is essential to function effectively in society”. Although, whilst it is a common issue, ethnocentrism becomes a problem when it is exhibited by people whom hold a position of power and who also have the ability to overrule those with lesser power (Crisp & Taylor, 2008). Ethnocentrism is an important factor because it has the potential to develop into such social exclusions as segregation and oppression, especially when it is exhibited by people who hold such positions of power as community or Government leaders. Such was the case when the Aboriginal population began to raise at the beginning of the 20th century (Crisp & Taylor, 2008). The Government powers, influenced by ethnocentrism, developed the policy of segregation which ultimately impacted on many facets of Aboriginal life (AHRC, 2009). It was during the era of segregation that Indigenous people were systematically taken from their traditional lands and moved into reserves and segregated communities ultimately becoming socially excluded (AHRC, 2009) reserves in which Indigenous people were placed were far from their traditional homes and had the poorest living conditions in the country. Furthermore, as Urquhart (2009) states, where hardship is present social exclusion costs lives. However, the effect of ethnocentrism does not halt there, in many cases, especially this one, it also leads to oppressions. According to Daly, Speedy and Jackson (2009) oppression occurs when the rules, modes and ideals of one group are imposed on another group. Oppression usually results in assimilation, that is, when individuals that belong to a minority group are immersed by a dominant culture and thus take on the traits of the dominant culture (Healy, 2008). As a result of oppression Aboriginal throughout Australia were quickly forced to assimilate into European mainstream culture. As a result, with their inability to engage in traditional behaviours and practices, the denial of their culture and oppression of their people, Aboriginals were required to...

Find Another Essay On Social Exclusion of the Aboriginal Population of Australia

The Exclusion of Women's Rights Essay

1598 words - 6 pages the United State’s claim to democracy. Greenberg and Page say that “Democracy’s central idea in that people want to rule themselves and they are capable of doing so. . . . Others believe that democracy is the form of government most likely to produce rational policies because it can count on the pooled knowledge and expertise of a society’s entire population.” (Greenberg and Page, pg. 6) From the beginning of American history, women were not

An overview of the impacts of Diabetes in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population - Report

2438 words - 10 pages & Wakerman, J 2014, 'The cost-effectiveness of primary care for Indigenous Australians with diabetes living in remote Northern Territory communities', The Medical journal of Australia, vol. 200, no. 11, pp. 658?62. Vos, T, Barker, B, Stanley, L & Lopez, AD 2007, The burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2003, School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane. World Health Organization. Definition and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and intermediate hyperglycemia: report of a WHO/IDF consultation. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2006. Page 1 | 6

Investigating the Social Exclusion

3942 words - 16 pages Investigating the Social Exclusion This essay provides a context for the discussion of women’s social exclusion in contemporary Britain. It begins with an overview of the way in which social exclusion is defined. By weighing up the relevant literature the essay will then move on to discuss whether women’ social inclusion is possible in modern Britain. In order to do this the essay will begin with a discussion of social

The Stolen Genreations- Tells the story of the Aboriginal stolen generations in Australia

756 words - 3 pages to change as these crossbreeds are increasing at a tremendously dangerous rate. According to several surveys, in the next fifty to one hundred years, these half-castes will increase to a population of 700,000.Many fear that in the next century or so Australia will become a divided into 3 separate social groups - whites, blacks, and the rejected crossbreeds of the two. Aborigines and half-castes are increasing at a faster rate then whites, which is

The Forces That Lead to the Social Exclusion of the Poor

2172 words - 9 pages When discussing the issue of poverty and ‘the poor’, it is crucial to identify and explore the forces that lead to the social exclusion of the poor rather than focusing on the characteristics of these individuals. By focusing on these forces, it becomes easier to identify and explore possible ways to lessen poverty, empower the poor and alleviate social exclusion whereas focusing on the individual will not create a solution. No one person is

The Effect of Ayslum Policy on Social Exclusion in the UK

3362 words - 13 pages The Effect of Ayslum Policy on Social Exclusion in the UK This essay will discuss what asylum policy is, and how it has increased levels of social exclusion in the UK, where I will use specific examples from health and housing. Though, first, one must understand the term asylum seekers which applies to someone who has applied for asylum in this country, their application has been accepted as worthy of consideration and

the role that sport plays in the social inclusion and exclusion of young people

2014 words - 9 pages to individuals who are connected via friendships and peer groups (Rice 1999). Association with the formal subsystem can result in social exclusion. In a study of second-level schools, McSharry (2009, p.45) explicates that boys ‘claimed that too much attention to the academic demands of the school system could jeopardise their acceptance among peers’. However, as suggested by Renold (2004), McSharry (2009) also found that involvement in sport

The Exclusion of Homosexuality in the Classroom

3559 words - 14 pages inclusivity of homosexuality in school curriculums. While parents, teachers and students all claim they desire a more diverse and inclusive sexual education program in both Australia and America, few are willing to actively fight for it. The widespread social attitude of indifference, combined with a vocal minority calling for homosexuality’s continued exclusion from sexual education classes, makes change difficult and unlikely. With homosexuality

Impact of the Chinese Exclusion Act

1409 words - 6 pages enacted. It was described as "Canada’s Chinese Exclusion Act" by Chinese Canadian communities. Prior to 1923, Canada placed the Head Tax, a fee charged to every Chinese people traveling in and out of Canada (Tien, Kelly). A year after, the United States enacted the Immigration Act of 1924, which was intended to limit Japanese population, however, it also affected Koreans since they are under “Japanese colonial administration” (Wing, Bob). Chinese

Australia in the 1950s and aboriginal life

502 words - 2 pages AUSTRALIA IN THE 1940s AND 1950sReflectionsAustralia was a very different country from what it is today.The population was much smaller and people were still recovering from the Second World War. Australia's population was only about 7 500 000, less then half of what it is today. 90% of the Australian population had been born here and most were descended from the English, Irish or had a Scottish background.The immigration scheme which began

The Economic and Social Importance of Tourism: Australia

634 words - 3 pages The contribution of the tourism industry to economic growth and employment is now being recognised although, in international terms, Australia still lags well behind in tourism receipts. In 1982, Australia's relative share of the market represented only 1.4 per cent of the OECD total, placing Australia on a par with countries such as Sweden and Portugal but eight to ten times below the level of the United States, Italy or France.A 1981-82 survey

Similar Essays

The Causes Of Social Exclusion Essay

3111 words - 12 pages The Causes of Social Exclusion Social exclusion refers to inequality in society, where individuals or groups may be cut off in involvement with the wider society. Social exclusion can take a number of forms. An individual or group may be excluded due to their age cohert, gender, race, educational background, neighbourhood, class and more. A class in social terms can be defines as a large scale grouping of people

Examine The Concept Of 'social Exclusion' Linked To Irish Identity

1897 words - 8 pages Within this essay I am going to explore and examine the concept of social exclusion linked to Irish identity in Britain. I will be exploring the social conditions of the Irish people living in Britain because if first and second generation Irish people are taken together, the Irish form the largest ethnic group in Britain today. In fact, studies have shown that the size of the Irish-born population in Britain has remained stable overall since

The Changing Nature Of Aboriginal And Non Aboriginal Relations In Australia From 1946 2000

1343 words - 5 pages The Changing Nature of Aboriginal and Non-aboriginal Relations in Australia from 1946-2000 Since the arrival of Europeans the Aboriginal population has suffered in terms of status, wealth, health and sense of identity. Although there have been steps towards reconciliation there is still a long way to go until Indigenous Australians enjoy the same status as non-indigenous Australians. A referendum was made in 1967, it was a

Cultural Regeneration Causing Problems Of Social Exclusion

3478 words - 14 pages in inner city neighbourhoods of St. Louis in the United States area clear testimony of how straightforward it is for urban regeneration projects to cause social exclusion. The demolishing of much older housing in St. Louis city led to the predominantly black residents relocating to poorer neighbourhoods of the city. Despite the later regeneration of St. Louis city which brought about a lot of economic activities to the area, the black population