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Aboriginal Deaths In Custody History Of Colonization In Australia, Australian Society, Statistics, Western Society. Includes Extensive Bibliography A Mark

2635 words - 11 pages

In critically evaluate the claim that the high rate of Aboriginal deaths in custody can be explained as a statistical phenomenon rather than a cultural one, an Australia wide generalization must be made. It is also important to compare the rate Aboriginal deaths in custody against the rates of the rest of the Australian population. The history of colonization in Australia provides vital information about how society acts and how the indigenous group is perceived. Australia's history was one of harsh treatment and racial prejudice towards the Aboriginal people. The western society held the power, which led to the oppression and outcasting of the native race. Over the past two hundred years, the Aboriginal community has suffered from genocide, inequality, severe racism as well as cultural loss. Each of the events that took place in history has led to deaths in custody, which can be explained as a cultural phenomenon, rather than simply a statistical one. The Royal Commission into Deaths in Custody provides horrific statistical data in relation to death rates and causes. The reason for the high death rates can be related to cultural biases in prison and unfair, racist treatment within society. These reasons have many serious implications on the lives of the Aboriginal society. The Royal Commission and ATSIC are currently developing strategies in order to resolve these issues.The colonization of Australia in 1788, brought about many images and racial discrepancies of aboriginal people in Australia. Bourke et al (1998) suggest that the aboriginal people have been treated in severe ways since 1788. The early British settlers saw the aboriginal culture as wrong and their western culture as the 'ideal' culture or way of life. The Modernization theory of global inequality demonstrates this belief. On arrival in Australia, the British migrants were immediately empowered, who in turn attempted to strip the natives of their culture. An example of this is shown through the stolen generation in the 1930's until the 1960's, where the western society attempted to locate aboriginal people into traditional 'white' families. This act was done in order to merge the natives into the rest of the general population. The impact of this genocide has had large effects on the aboriginal community and rectification is still continuing today.Many incidents have occurred over the last two hundred years, which have had massive effects and consequences on the aboriginal society. Bourke, Bourke & Edwards (1998) outline that Aboriginal people have suffered from genocide, cultural loss, inequality and racism from the western society. These incidents have led to the oppression of the native society, which also has consequences. A major consequence is the high statistical rate of Aboriginal deaths in custody. Currently, many aboriginal people are unsure of their traditional culture, beliefs and values as a result of the many incidents, acts and expectations from the rest of the...

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