The right to have an abortion is a woman’s right not to have a conceived child. According to Compton’s Encyclopedia, an abortion is the loss of a fetus before it is able to live outside the womb (1). Induced abortion is regarded as a moral issue in some cultures, but to others it is seen as an acceptable way to end an unplanned pregnancy. In the Supreme Court case of Roe vs. Wade (1973) women of the United States “have been granted the right to have abortions” (Sutton, 1). Many people, such as myself, believe that it is a woman’s right to have an abortion, and no man, organization, or any form of government should take that right away from her.
However, many people choose to argue that the choice of abortion should not be granted to women. Many anti-abortionists believe that women do not bother with contraception because abortion is available. One source reveals that Americans have a high level of contraceptive use. In 1995, 58 percent of the women who had abortions used a contraceptive method during the month they became pregnant (Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2). Since no contraceptive is perfectly reliable, abortion is usually the last decision a woman will come to. Abortion is not seen by women who elect it as a preferred, or desired, form of contraception (Planned Parenthood, 4).
Another anti-choice argument from the Westchester Coalition for Legal Abortions is that since the majority rules in a democracy; there should be a national referendum on abortion so that the people can decide (3). Contrary to belief, there is no national referendum in the United States. Everyone has Constitutional rights and should not be subjected to the vagary of the electorate. The right of freedom of choice should be protected from the tyranny of the majority.
An abortion is a way to stop an unwanted pregnancy. Parents can both emotionally and financially limit their families to the number of children they want. In cases of rape, abortion is a good choice. It is wrong to force a mother to bear a rapist’s child. That in it self is further torture of the victim of a heinous crime. Many women become pregnant accidentally and are not ready to care for a child. Statistics from the Alan Guttmacher Institute show that 49 percent of pregnancies among American women are unplanned. Of the 49 percent, half of those pregnancies will end in abortion (32, 33). This is one case when a girl or couple might decide having an abortion is in the best interest of the child.
Another factor to support legal...