Abortion Essay

1194 words - 5 pages

Abortion, termination of pregnancy before the foetus is capable of independent life. When the expulsion from the uterus occurs after the foetus becomes viable (capable of independent life), usually at the end of six months of pregnancy, it is technically a premature birth. In the United Kingdom, when the foetus is not born alive after 24 weeks of pregnancy it is termed a still birth.

II. Types of AbortionPrint section

Abortion may be spontaneous or induced. Expelled foetuses weighing less than 0.5 kg (18 oz) or of less than 20 weeks' gestation are usually considered abortions.

A. Spontaneous AbortionPrint section

It is estimated that some 25 per cent of all human pregnancies terminate spontaneously in abortion, with three out of four abortions occurring during the first three months of pregnancy. Some women apparently have a tendency to abort, and recurrent abortion decreases the probability of subsequent successful childbirth.

The causes of spontaneous abortions, or miscarriages, are not clearly established. Abnormal development of the embryo or placental tissue, or both, is found in about half the cases; these abnormalities may be due to inherent faults in the germ cells or may be secondary to faulty implantation of the developing ovum or to other characteristics of the maternal environment. Severe vitamin deficiencies have been shown to play a role in abortions in experimental animals. Hormone deficiencies have also been found in women who are subject to recurrent abortions. Spontaneous abortions may also be caused by such maternal abnormalities as acute infectious diseases, systemic diseases such as nephritis and diabetes, and severe trauma. Uterine malformations, including tumours, are responsible in some instances.

The most common symptom of threatened abortion is vaginal bleeding, with or without intermittent pain. About a quarter of all pregnant women bleed at some time during early pregnancy, however, and up to 50 per cent of these women carry the foetus to full term. Treatment for threatened abortion usually consists of bed rest. Almost continuous bed rest throughout pregnancy is required in some cases of repeated abortion; vitamin and hormone therapy may also be given. Surgical correction of uterine abnormalities may be indicated in certain of these cases.

Spontaneous abortion may result in expulsion of all or part of the contents of the uterus, or the embryo may die and be retained in the uterus for weeks or months in a so-called missed abortion. Most doctors advocate the surgical removal of any residual embryonic or placental tissue in order to avoid possible irritation or infection of the uterine lining.

B. Induced AbortionPrint section

Induced abortion is the deliberate termination of pregnancy by removal of the foetus from the uterus. It is currently performed by any of four standard procedures, according to the period of gestation. Suction, or vacuum aspiration, is used in the first trimester (up to 12 weeks). In...

Find Another Essay On Abortion

Abortion Essay

528 words - 2 pages Abortion      According to Planned Parenthood, “millions of women per year sought out illegal abortions, thousands died. There are two kinds of abortion; one is what we call spontaneous abortion. This type may be more familiar as a miscarriage. When an embryo or fetus stops developing the body expels it. If a woman wants to end her pregnancy then she can have what is called an induced abortion, this can be done either...

Abortion. Essay

596 words - 2 pages The term "abortion" actually refers to any premature expulsion of a human fetus, whether naturally spontaneous, as in a miscarriage, or artificially induced, as in a surgical or chemical abortion. Today, the most common usage of the term "abortion" applies to artificially induced...

Abortion

4197 words - 17 pages Should abortion be allowed in the United States? If so, then under what circumstances? Abortion has been one of the most heatedly debated topics in the U.S. for more than a century. This paper explores the history and international use of abortion, as well as the empirical and moral claims made by both sides of the issue. We will also examine the key positions taken on abortion and look at those affected by it. Based on extensive research...

Abortion

864 words - 3 pages The issue of abortion is one that has been plaguing people around the world for some time now and only will continue to do so. There are three popular stances: pro-abortion, anti-abortion and moderate abortion. Although there are many supporters of each opinion, it is clear that pro-abortion is clearly morally acceptable...

Abortion

1543 words - 6 pages Abortion Today, more than twenty-seven years since the legalization of abortion, over 30 million legal abortions have taken place in the United State. Abortions were widely used as a form of contraception in Poland when the communist party ruled the country. More than100, 000 abortions were carried out each year in Poland. To me, this issue, which is more than a simple question of women controlling their own bodies?...

Abortion

512 words - 2 pages You're DecisionIn today's society, teens face many ruthless situations, which causes a negative outlook on the world when they make decisions that could impact their life. Abortions murder an innocent unborn child everyday. The problem begins, should it be a woman's choice whether or not to terminate her pregnancy or should it be the government's choice. This is where a woman looses her rights as a person. If abortion is not remained...

Abortion - 1703 words

1703 words - 7 pages Tran6Nhi TranCourse Essay AssignmentPhilosophy 108Summer 2013Utilitarianism and Kantian AnalysisEthics or morality is a system of principles helping us identify what is right and wrong, good and bad. When a decision is made, the question usually asked is, "Is it the right decision?" As human beings, people have been struggling with the...

Abortion - 1703 words

1703 words - 7 pages Tran6Nhi TranCourse Essay AssignmentPhilosophy 108Summer 2013Utilitarianism and Kantian AnalysisEthics or morality is a system of principles helping us identify what is right and wrong, good and bad. When a decision is made, the question usually asked is, "Is it the right decision?" As human beings, people have been struggling with the...

Abortion

2702 words - 11 pages Abortion Perhaps one of the most controversial issues debated between lawmakers and legislatures is abortion. Disputes concerning abortion began during the 1820s. By 1965, with a few exceptions, abortion had been made illegal in all states. Abortions were only permitted when the fetus was deformed, or if birth of the baby would harm the mother’s life. All of this changed however in 1973 during the landmark Supreme Court Case...

ABORTION

587 words - 2 pages ABORTION Abortion is the removal of the product of conception before the embryo or fetus is viable. "Any interruption of human pregnancy subsequent to the 28th week is known as abortion"(The Columbia Encyclopedia, Edition 5, 1993 p157). There are many types of abortion procedures, some can be done as late as the sixth month of pregnancy. Here are seven of the most common types, "Morning after pill, RU486(mifepristone), Uterine or...

abortion

546 words - 2 pages ABORTION: Birth Control or Legal Murder? Approximately 1.6 million murders are committed legally each year. This is the murder of an innocent child by a procedure known as abortion. Abortion stops the beating of an innocent child's heart. People must no longer ignore the scientific...

Similar Essays

Abortion Essay 1636 Words

1636 words - 7 pages Abortion: What They Didn't Want The Public To Know Abortion is the most arguable surgical procedure in America to this day. Pro-Life would call abortion a terrible intervention in the life of a young, innocent baby. Pro-Choice would call abortion a safe and logical option to end an unwanted pregnancy. How about what Pro-Choice activists did not want the public to know about their 'safe' abortions? Abortion has negative physical and...

Abortion Essay 739 Words

739 words - 3 pages Abortion The right to have an abortion is a woman’s right not to have a conceived child. According to Compton’s Encyclopedia, an abortion is the loss of a fetus before it is able to live outside the womb (1). Induced abortion is regarded as a moral issue in some cultures, but to others it is seen as an acceptable way to end an unplanned pregnancy. In the Supreme Court case of Roe vs. Wade (1973) women of the United States “have been granted the...

Abortion Essay 1549 Words

1549 words - 6 pages Over the last thirty years, abortion policies have been the most controversial of all political and legal issues in the United States. Each state has its own laws and regulations concerning abortion. These laws mainly refer to the conditions in which abortion is legal, the requirements for minors who make the decision of having an abortion, and the government's funding for people having an abortion. The United States government has played a...

Abortion Essay 1311 Words

1311 words - 5 pages Abortion is safe, Naral Pro-Choice of America (2006)The author explains that there are safe ways of performing abortions and that the only reason why abortions cause death is because; the people who are performing the abortion are doing the abortion illegally. “1999 study of abortion worldwide found that abortion-related deaths are rare in countries where the procedure is legal, accessible, and performed early in pregnancy by skilled...