Abortion Essay

3031 words - 12 pages

Abortion

“Abortion is a procedure, either surgical or medical, to end a pregnancy by removing the fetus and placenta from the uterus.” This definition (A.D.A.M., 2003) is a dry medical definition that lacks meaning. This paper attempts to apply meaning to this dry definition, and in doing so, will show the less known and less published side of abortion; the human side.

A Brief History

Archaeologists have recently uncovered Roman ruins that contain the evidence of aborted children, abandoned children, and children that were destroyed just after birth (infanticide); all of these bodies were recovered from a brothel. Fast forwarding a few hundred years, Thomas Aquinas wrote on the evils of abortion, and the moral implications of such a practice in a civilized society. These two examples of “ancient” history show that abortion has been around a long, long time, and has been used as a means of birth control, to end unwanted pregnancies, for some time now; it is not a recent development. The act of destroying the young before birth has been present in the world for a while, however, but it has been only in the last century that this problem has reached an epidemic proportion. In the late 1950’s and early 1960’s, the first abortion legislation in the United States was proposed, mainly concerned with the application of penalties for illegal abortions; outlines what abortions would be considered legal. It should be noted, that these early proposals wanted to legalize abortion for reasons including the mental or physical health of the mother, pregnancy due to rape and incest, and fetal deformity (NRLC, 2003). In the late 1960’s forms of the earlier abortion legislation was passed in a few states; the number of states began to grow rapidly as the 1970’s approached. The 1970’s lent us the first “abortion on demand” legislation. On January 22, 1973 the famous Roe vs. Wade case was decided, essentially legalizing abortion in the United States, and meant the death of millions of babies for years to come. This was a sad day in our nation’s history, and is known as the point of no return for many people. In this same year, the nation saw a rise in action groups that were concerned with the preservation of human life, from the “womb to the tomb,” or from the unborn to the elderly and aging. The 1980’s had similar legislation, which met with similar opposition. In late 1987 or early 1988, the first federally funded fetal tissue research facilities were formed, capitalizing on the death of the unborn, and was condemned by then president Regan. In the 1990’s we saw the introduction of RU-486, the abortion pill. Currently, we are seeing a reverse trend in America; the political opposition of the now common practice of abortion. The ban on the barbaric practice of partial-birth abortion has been passed. Minnesota, with the aid of Gov. Pawlenty, and Minnesota Citizens Concerned for Life (MCCL) have passed a “right to know” act, calling...

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