Abortion. Essay

2177 words - 9 pages

ABORTIONABORTIONPeople are not very comfortable when it comes to the topic of abortion. Some people will get judgmental while others might not even be able to comment on the subject. There is such great emotion concerning the topic of abortion. There are three general views a person takes when asked about abortion. They are pro-choice, pro-life, and moderate views. I'm going to be supporting the moderate view. When we speak of abortion certain questions automatically come up they are: Is abortion morally wrong? Where does life begin? Is abortion murder? I'm going to take a look at these questions, and provide some insight to each of the three views.Pro-Life"Defining all abortions as morally wrong except in the case where the fetus cannot possibly satisfy the requirements of personhood set out in list L. This includes cases in which the fetus is conceived through either rape or incest." According to the abortion book by Selmer Bringsjord, three people discuss the three views of abortion. First they need to constitute what a person is. The list of personhood is as follows: a person is a being who -is conscious, communicates through a language, knows and believes things, is self-conscious, has a will, and reasons. The postulate given for pro-life is as follows: (p1) it is always wrong to harm an innocent person. (P2) Fetuses are innocent persons. (P3) Abortion is an extreme harm. So the conclusion is abortion is always wrong. Proof: if x is innocent and has, or will have-by virtue of a causal chain of events that can be enabled by person y - the capacities given in list L, then it is morally wrong for y to destroy or authorize others to destroy, x, unless such destruction prevents an extraordinary catastrophe that is horribly wrong.Don Marquis has written an article "Why Abortion is Immoral." Marquis is a strong pro-life, he feel that abortion is morally wrong, and that through act a person is deprived of life. His argument is based on the assumption. "If fetuses are in the same category as adult human beings with respect to the moral value of their lives, then the presumption that any particular abortion is immoral is exceedingly strong. Such a presumption could be overridden only by considerations more compelling than a woman's right to privacy." But his article doesn't go into what these considerations are. Some consideration would be abortion before implantation, abortion when the life of a woman is threatened by the pregnancy, or a pregnancy after rape. He is against the deliberate abortions only, this is what he finds immoral.His views are as follows: "killing someone (unjustly) is wrong because it inflicts one of the greatest possible losses on the victim, a fetus' life has the same moral worth as that of a child or an adult, and abortion is morally impermissible for the same reasons that it is wrong to unjustly kill an adult or child." Marquis' argument all seems to stem from the fact that abortion takes away that persons' future. He puts...

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