Abortion Essay

2957 words - 12 pages

In Roe et al. v. Wade District Attorney of Dallas County (1973), one of the most controversial cases in recent history, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down all state laws that limit a woman's right to an abortion during the first three months of pregnancy. Justices Rehnquist and White dissented. Mr. Justice Blackmun delivered the opinion of the Court.... This Texas federal appeal and its Georgia companion, Doe v. Bolton, post, p. 179, present constitutional challenges to state criminal abortion legislation. The Texas statutes under attack here are typical of those that have been in effect in many States for approximately a century. The Georgia statutes, in contrast, have a modern cast and are a legislative product that, to an extent at least, obviously reflects the influences of recent attitudinal change, of advancing medical knowledge and techniques, and of new thinking about an old issue. We forthwith acknowledge our awareness of the sensitive and emotional nature of the abortion controversy, of the vigourous opposing views, even among physicians, and of the deep and seemingly absolute convictions that the subject inspires. One's philosophy, one's experiences, one's exposure to the raw edges of human existence, one's religious training, one's attitudes toward life and family and their values, and the moral standards one establishes and seeks to observe, are all likely to influence and to color one's thinking and conclusions about abortion.... The Texas statutes that concern us here are Arts. 1191-1194 and 1196 of the State's Penal Code. These make it a crime to procure an abortion, as therein defined, or to attempt one, except with respect to an abortion procured or attempted by medical advice for the purpose of saving the life of the mother. Similar statutes are in existence in a majority of the States. Texas first enacted a criminal abortion statute in 1854. Texas Laws 1854, c. 49, Sec. 1, set forth in 3 H. Gammel, Laws of Texas 1502 (1898). This was soon modified into language that has remained substantially unchanged to the present time.... Jane Roe, a single woman who was residing in Dallas County, Texas, instituted this federal action in March 1970 against the District Attorney of the county. She sought a declaratory judgment that the Texas criminal abortion statutes were unconstitutional on their face, and an injunction restraining the defendant from enforcing the statutes. Roe alleged that she was unmarried and pregnant; that she wished to terminate her pregnancy by an abortion performed by a competent, licensed physician, under safe, clinical conditions; that she was unable to get a legal abortion in Texas because her life did not appear to be threatened by the continuation of her pregnancy; and that she could not afford to travel to another jurisdiction in order to secure a legal abortion under safe conditions. She claimed that the Texas statutes...

Find Another Essay On Abortion

Abortion Essay

528 words - 2 pages Abortion      According to Planned Parenthood, “millions of women per year sought out illegal abortions, thousands died. There are two kinds of abortion; one is what we call spontaneous abortion. This type may be more familiar as a miscarriage. When an embryo or fetus stops developing the body expels it. If a woman wants to end her pregnancy then she can have what is called an induced abortion, this can be done either...

Abortion. Essay

596 words - 2 pages The term "abortion" actually refers to any premature expulsion of a human fetus, whether naturally spontaneous, as in a miscarriage, or artificially induced, as in a surgical or chemical abortion. Today, the most common usage of the term "abortion" applies to artificially induced...

Abortion

4197 words - 17 pages Should abortion be allowed in the United States? If so, then under what circumstances? Abortion has been one of the most heatedly debated topics in the U.S. for more than a century. This paper explores the history and international use of abortion, as well as the empirical and moral claims made by both sides of the issue. We will also examine the key positions taken on abortion and look at those affected by it. Based on extensive research...

Abortion

864 words - 3 pages The issue of abortion is one that has been plaguing people around the world for some time now and only will continue to do so. There are three popular stances: pro-abortion, anti-abortion and moderate abortion. Although there are many supporters of each opinion, it is clear that pro-abortion is clearly morally acceptable...

Abortion

1543 words - 6 pages Abortion Today, more than twenty-seven years since the legalization of abortion, over 30 million legal abortions have taken place in the United State. Abortions were widely used as a form of contraception in Poland when the communist party ruled the country. More than100, 000 abortions were carried out each year in Poland. To me, this issue, which is more than a simple question of women controlling their own bodies?...

Abortion

512 words - 2 pages You're DecisionIn today's society, teens face many ruthless situations, which causes a negative outlook on the world when they make decisions that could impact their life. Abortions murder an innocent unborn child everyday. The problem begins, should it be a woman's choice whether or not to terminate her pregnancy or should it be the government's choice. This is where a woman looses her rights as a person. If abortion is not remained...

Abortion - 1703 words

1703 words - 7 pages Tran6Nhi TranCourse Essay AssignmentPhilosophy 108Summer 2013Utilitarianism and Kantian AnalysisEthics or morality is a system of principles helping us identify what is right and wrong, good and bad. When a decision is made, the question usually asked is, "Is it the right decision?" As human beings, people have been struggling with the...

Abortion - 1703 words

1703 words - 7 pages Tran6Nhi TranCourse Essay AssignmentPhilosophy 108Summer 2013Utilitarianism and Kantian AnalysisEthics or morality is a system of principles helping us identify what is right and wrong, good and bad. When a decision is made, the question usually asked is, "Is it the right decision?" As human beings, people have been struggling with the...

Abortion

2702 words - 11 pages Abortion Perhaps one of the most controversial issues debated between lawmakers and legislatures is abortion. Disputes concerning abortion began during the 1820s. By 1965, with a few exceptions, abortion had been made illegal in all states. Abortions were only permitted when the fetus was deformed, or if birth of the baby would harm the mother’s life. All of this changed however in 1973 during the landmark Supreme Court Case...

ABORTION

587 words - 2 pages ABORTION Abortion is the removal of the product of conception before the embryo or fetus is viable. "Any interruption of human pregnancy subsequent to the 28th week is known as abortion"(The Columbia Encyclopedia, Edition 5, 1993 p157). There are many types of abortion procedures, some can be done as late as the sixth month of pregnancy. Here are seven of the most common types, "Morning after pill, RU486(mifepristone), Uterine or...

abortion

546 words - 2 pages ABORTION: Birth Control or Legal Murder? Approximately 1.6 million murders are committed legally each year. This is the murder of an innocent child by a procedure known as abortion. Abortion stops the beating of an innocent child's heart. People must no longer ignore the scientific...

Similar Essays

Abortion Essay - 1636 words

1636 words - 7 pages Abortion: What They Didn't Want The Public To Know Abortion is the most arguable surgical procedure in America to this day. Pro-Life would call abortion a terrible intervention in the life of a young, innocent baby. Pro-Choice would call abortion a safe and logical option to end an unwanted pregnancy. How about what Pro-Choice activists did not want the public to know about their 'safe' abortions? Abortion has negative physical and...

Abortion Essay - 739 words

739 words - 3 pages Abortion The right to have an abortion is a woman’s right not to have a conceived child. According to Compton’s Encyclopedia, an abortion is the loss of a fetus before it is able to live outside the womb (1). Induced abortion is regarded as a moral issue in some cultures, but to others it is seen as an acceptable way to end an unplanned pregnancy. In the Supreme Court case of Roe vs. Wade (1973) women of the United States “have been granted the...

Abortion Essay - 1549 words

1549 words - 6 pages Over the last thirty years, abortion policies have been the most controversial of all political and legal issues in the United States. Each state has its own laws and regulations concerning abortion. These laws mainly refer to the conditions in which abortion is legal, the requirements for minors who make the decision of having an abortion, and the government's funding for people having an abortion. The United States government has played a...

Abortion Essay - 1311 words

1311 words - 5 pages Abortion is safe, Naral Pro-Choice of America (2006)The author explains that there are safe ways of performing abortions and that the only reason why abortions cause death is because; the people who are performing the abortion are doing the abortion illegally. “1999 study of abortion worldwide found that abortion-related deaths are rare in countries where the procedure is legal, accessible, and performed early in pregnancy by skilled...