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Abortion Essay

1703 words - 7 pages

Tran6Nhi TranCourse Essay AssignmentPhilosophy 108Summer 2013Utilitarianism and Kantian AnalysisEthics or morality is a system of principles helping us identify what is right and wrong, good and bad. When a decision is made, the question usually asked is, "Is it the right decision?" As human beings, people have been struggling with the idea of morality of their actions for thousands of years, and this has resulted in a great number of belief systems concerning their nature of actions. In the system of utilitarianism, an action causing the greatest happiness is the morally right action. In the system of Kantian, an opposite system of utilitarianism, the only ethical action is the one done completely because of responsibility. Even though supporters of abortion, the termination of pregnancy, may have the best purposes, the practice of using contraceptive devices cannot be ethically justified from either a utilitarian or Kantian viewpoint.Utilitarianism was conceived in the nineteenth century by Jeremy Bentham and a generation after him, John Stuart Mill, to help lawmakers determine which principles were morally better. Both Bentham and Mill stated that ethical actions are those that provides the greatest balance of pleasure over pain for the reason that humanity like pleasures and dislike pains. The connection between abortion and utilitarianism emerges as abortion gives both pleasures and pains to people who are involved in it. A woman chooses to have an abortion, for she is not ready to accept the consequences of her pregnancy, whether it involves single motherhood, the disclosure of her sexual activity, or anger of her boyfriend or her parents. If abortion causes more good consequences than bad consequences, utilitarian will agree with abortion; otherwise, utilitarian will have to reject abortion.There are several good consequences that abortion leads to if a woman choose to have an abortion. First, abortion saves an adult's life and future. For example, if the woman's health is in jeopardy during her pregnancy, she and her husband can choose abortion to save her life. By having abortion, the woman loses her child, which causes a lot of miseries to her, but her life is saved. As time passes, due to dedicated cares of her beloved, her sadness will disappear, and she will be healthy enough to have another child; in addition, some women become mentally or emotionally ill after having pregnancy as a consequence of changes in her body and her hormones, so sometimes killing the fetus is acceptable. Next, abortion reduces suffering for both fetuses and mothers. In certain cases, doctors and parents had no choices but kill some fetuses who have significant health issues or disabilities that may not be overcome to avoid a lifetime of suffering for those poor, innocent children. Finally, abortion provides a second chance for teenage mothers if they made terrible mistakes and for women who were pregnant on account of being raped. A teenage girl who makes...

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