The debate over whether or not to legalize abortion has been going on since the 19th century. With abortion illegal, it would affect the well-being and rights of many women. Abortion should be kept legal in the United States because it is a personal and private decision.
According to our ninth and fourteenth amendments, we have a right to privacy. The ninth amendment states that “the enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.” (Mount). This means that the government cannot take away rights that they did not establish in the constitution unless a new amendment is passed. The fourteenth amendment states that “all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (Mount). This means that the government guarantees equal protection under the law to all citizens and requires laws to be clearly written.
A supreme court case classified abortion as legal with a 7-to-2 vote (Roe v Wade: Key US abortion ruling). In the Roe vs. Wade case in 1973, the court concluded that abortion was legal because of the rights stated in the ninth and fourteenth amendments (Summary of Roe v. Wade and Other Key Abortion Cases). This case took place in Texas where abortion was illegal except if the mother’s health was at risk. Both the doctor and the patient would suffer jail time if the state found out about these illegal abortions (Trupin and Stoppler). The supreme court concluded that an abortion cannot be stopped if it is done within the first trimester, the second trimester depends on how far developed the fetus is, and in the third trimester an abortion can only be performed if the mother’s health is at risk (Roe v Wade: Key US abortion ruling).
Teenage pregnancy is a major reason why abortion may be chosen instead of carrying out a...