Abortion Including Roe Vs. Wade And The Current Fight To Overturn It

1710 words - 7 pages

In this paper, you will learn about the different legal aspects regarding abortion. You will learn about the laws regarding abortion prior to the United States Court Ruling in the Roe vs. Wade case, the outcome of the Roe vs. Wade case, as well as the future battle over abortion access in the United States. Included, will also be state bills created to overturn Roe vs. Wade, and some proposed anti-abortion laws. We will also compare and contrast Canada's view with the United State's view. All in all, this paper will give you a general view of how abortion became legal, and the obstacles ahead of us, as a society, in either keeping it legal, or overturning it to make it illegal.Abortion is a widely talked about topic. Although most controversy over it did not occur until the Roe vs. Wade case in 1973, there were many things going on in regards to the topic prior to. In order to go any further, one must understand what was happening prior to 1973, because that was not the first major step in the abortion issue. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, experts estimate that there were between 200,000 to 1.3 million illegal abortions in the United States annually. In 1953, the book Sexual Behavior in the Human Female, by Alfred Kinsey, says that nine of out ten premarital pregnancies ended in abortion, and that twenty-two percent of married women had an abortion while married. In 1955, the medical director of Planned Parenthood, Mary S. Calderone organized a conference called "Abortion in America," and the volume was published in 1958. In 1960, the American Medical Association observed that laws against abortion are unenforceable, and therefore endorsed the liberalization of abortion laws. Pat Maginnis founded the women's rights based group for Humane Abortion laws in 1962. On February 13, 1965, the New York Times endorsed the laws reform. Also during 1965, the Griswold vs. Connecticut trial took place. The Supreme Court ruled 7to 2 that Connecticut banning contraceptives would infringe on a married couple's right to privacy. It was during this time as well that the abortion law repeal efforts started to gain momentum. In 1966, the Association to Repeal Abortion Laws was started in California. Then, in 1967, abortion reform bills were considered by approximately twenty-five legislatures. The Federal Government spent over $20 million a year on contraceptive programs in the United States during this time period. In 1969, the First National Conference on Abortion laws was held, and the National Association for Repeal of Abortion Laws (NARAL) was founded there. In 1970, New York, Hawaii, and Washington legislatures all legalize abortion. Polls were then taken in 1971 that showed that over half of Americans were in favor legalizing abortion. The American Bar Association is also officially supporting a woman's right to chose up until the twentieth week of pregnancy. This was also when the Supreme Court heard the first round of arguments in the Roe vs. Wade case...

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