In the United States, the process of having an abortion has been a controversial topic for many years. Even though an abortion is legal, Americans believe abortions are only morally correct when used for medical reasons. The word “abortion” can be defined various ways depending on a person’s perspective. Abortion is defined by Oxford as “the act of giving untimely birth to offspring, premature delivery, miscarriage; the procuring of premature delivery so as to destroy offspring” (Dionisio). The National Abortion Federation defines it as “a medical abortion is one that is brought about by taking medications that will end a pregnancy, which ends a pregnancy by emptying the uterus (or womb) with special instruments” (Dionisio). Another example is The National Right to Life Organization’s definition: “any premature expulsion of a human fetus, whether naturally spontaneous, as in a miscarriage, or artificially induced, as in surgical or chemical abortion” (Dionisio).
Viewpoints of abortion are broken down into two different groups: Pro-choice and Pro-life. Supporters of Pro-choice believe that an abortion is a right to women (Should Abortion Be Legal). They also feel that government and religious values should not have control over the decision to have one (Should Abortion Be Legal). Even though Pro-choice advocates support abortion, some believe in it only being used as the last option, while others believe it can be used for any situation (Should Abortion Be Legal).
Pro-life supporters have a very different opinion on the issue. They believe that a mother becomes a parent at conception, and abortions are the immoral killing of innocent babies (Should Abortion Be Legal). While some Pro-life supporters are against it no matter what, some will allow it for rape, incest, or when a woman’s life is at risk (Should Abortion Be Legal).
One fault with the subject is that society cannot decide what rights a fetus has. Three groups define the rights differently. The first group is the Conservative group. Conservatives believe that a fetus is a human that has human rights (Steinbock, Bonniel). The fetus would have a right to life. Liberals are the second group. In a biological sense, they feel that a fetus is a human, but they do not give the fetus full moral status or a right to life (Steinbock, Bonniel). The last group is the Moderates, or the Gradualists. The Moderates believe that the late gestation fetus is equal to a born infant outside of a mother’s womb, but the one-cell zygote is not a human yet (Steinbock, Bonniel). Moderates also accept as true that motivation for an abortion should be greater as a pregnancy advances and that early abortions are better than late ones (Steinbock, Bonniel).
Despite the fact that Conservatives and other people might not care for the idea of abortion, it is world-wide and has been legal in America since 1973 (Loveday, Veronica). Although it is legal, individual states can choose to modify their...