Abortion Rights Or Wrongs? Essay

3916 words - 16 pages

Abortion Paper"Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by loss or destruction of the fetus before birth."(Britannica, 35) Abortion is a murderous act on innocent human beings that have the right to live. This procedure results in the death of the embryo or fetus and may be either spontaneous or induced. "A spontaneous abortion otherwise known as a miscarriage often result from natural causes, when there is complete or incomplete expulsion of the products of conception; the embryo or fetus and placenta or when the fetus dies prior to 20 weeks from the woman's last menstrual period. Some of the natural causes may be disease, trauma, the embryo's failure to develop or genetic or biochemical incompatibility of the mother and fetus." (Britannica, 35) "If fetal death occurs at 20 weeks or more after the last menstrual period, it is termed a late fetal death or still birth. (Britannica, 35) This type of abortion is uncontrollable.In an induced abortion, the fetus is purposely removed from the woman's body. There are numerous medical techniques that exist for performing abortions. During the first trimester (up to about 12 weeks after conception), endometrial aspiration, suction, or curettage may be used to remove the contents of the uterus. "In endometrial aspiration, a thin, flexible tube is inserted up the cervical canal (the neck of the womb) and then sucks out the lining of the uterus(the Endometrium) by means of an electric pump."(Britannica, 35) This technique is used up to the 12th week of pregnancy."In a related but slightly more onerous procedure known as dilatation and evacuation (also called suction curettage or vacuum curettage), the cervical canal is enlarged by the insertion of a series of metal dilators while the patient is under anesthesia, after which a rigid suction tube is inserted into the uterus to evacuate its contents. When, in place of suction, a thin metal tool called a curette is used to scrape (rather than vacuum out) the contents of the uterus. The procedure can be used up to about the 16th week of pregnancy." (Britannica, 35)"From 12 to 19 weeks the injection of saline solution may be used to trigger uterine contractions; alternatively, the administration of prostaglandin's by injection, suppository, or other method may be used to induce contractions, but those substances may cause severe side effects." (Britannica, 35)"In the late 20th century a new method of induced abortion was discovered using the drug RU486 (of mifepristune), an artificial steroid that is closely related to the contraceptive hormone norethnidrone. RU486 works by blocking the action of the hormone progesterone, which is needed to support the development of a fertilized egg. When ingested within weeks of conception, RU 486 effectively triggers the menstrual cycle and flushes the fertilized egg out of the uterus." (Britannica, 36)Abortion has been widely known, practiced, and debated since ancient times. The Ancient Hebrews had laws against abortion,...

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