Abortion Should Remain Legal Essay

963 words - 4 pages

Why is abortion one of the most controversial issues in the United States? "Perhaps the most fundamental issue in the debate over abortion is deciding whether the fetus is, in fact, a human being. The key question is whether the fetus is a human life, one that is distinct from the woman in which it develops and one that deserves basic human rights," an author discusses in an article, "When Does Human Life Begin?" A woman's decision to have an abortion or continue her pregnancy is often very difficult. This involves a lot of comfort and support with family members, friends, and loved ones. Keep in mind that women settle on abortion for many reasons. In the past, abortion was illegal in the United States. However, after the Supreme Court ruling on the Roe v. Wade in 1973, abortion became legal in the U.S. In favor of the Roe v. Wade decision made by the Supreme Court, I believe abortion should remain legal in the U.S. for several reasons:

First, laws that are against abortion kill women. Second, legalized abortions protect women's health. Finally, outlawed abortions will limit a woman's personal and economic freedom.

Laws that are against abortion kill women. The fact that abortion was prohibited in the earlier years didn't stop women from getting abortions. Several decades before abortion was legal in the U.S., nearly a million women chose to have illegal abortions annually. Thousands of women died and tens of thousands of women were either severely wounded or mutilated. This horrendous disaster occurred when women felt it was absolutely necessary to take the risks, even the risks of dying. In many cases, women chose, in secret, to have illegal abortions even without any medical care or assistance. "Though common, illegal abortions were often unsanitary and unsafe and resulted in the death or mutilation of many women," an author states in "When Does Human Life Begin?"

The continuity of legalized abortion in the U.S. not only protects women's lives, it also protects their health. Many pregnant women in the U.S. suffer from life-threatening illnesses such as heart disease, kidney disease, severe diabetes, sickle-cell anemia, and severe hypertension. According to an article from the internet, the author discusses the fatal outcomes of a disease found in pregnant women, called Toxoplasmosis. "Toxoplasmosis is caused by a parasite called toxoplasma gondii, which is found in raw meat, within cats that eat raw meat, and their faeces. Toxoplasmosis infection is common in both men and women, however it is of most concern in pregnant women as it can lead to infection in the unborn infant (congenital toxoplasmosis). Toxoplasmosis infection may lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, growth problems, blindness, brain damage, epilepsy, or deafness."

Finally, prohibited abortions will limit a woman's personal and economic liberty. Justice Harry Blackman...

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