Abortion, one of the most controversial ongoing issues, has become common in the United States. There are a lot of reasons defending the legalization of abortion. However, understanding the medical information and perspectives on abortion can solve this controversial issue. Unlike the common knowledge that abortion is performed in an unsafe setting and has the potential long-term complications, abortion is actually performed by professions and has few complications if it is performed within twelve weeks of pregnancy.
First of all, abortion is a method to terminate a pregnancy by using medicine or surgery to remove the fetus from the uterus. It always has been a part of human culture since long time ago. One of the most common reasons of having abortion is because women who had children are young. Or, it is because of relationship, academic, working, financial issues.
In the United States, the issue of abortion is extremely controversial that matters to not only medical field but also political and social fields. Pro-life (illegal abortion) advocates state that; life begins at conception, so the fetus is entitled to have a full human right to live; abortion is a crime of murder; women should use contraceptives in the means of preventing pregnancies; abortion increases the likelihood of future side-effects. On the other hand, pro-choice (legal abortion) advocates argue that; it is women’s rights to control their own bodies without any interference; abortion does not kill a baby, but just ends a pregnancy; modern abortion is safe because it is performed by professions in a safe setting; women who choose abortion do not have ability to raise children. These two sides over the issue are strained since long time ago. However, again, viewing abortion in terms of medical perspectives is significantly vital to understand the issue.
Pro-life advocates argue about the moral status of the fetus. However, the beginning of human life cannot be determined and extends beyond the knowledge of medicine. The problem of the moral status of the fetus is done by experiences, religious and philosophical beliefs, moral belief, and so on. Medicine does not ability to establish when the moral status on the fetus occurs. Moreover, the fetus within 12 weeks is not fully developed, so arguing about the fetus’s moral fetus is somewhat unreasonable and unnecessary. According to Elizabeth Harman, “inaccessible facts determine a fetus’s moral status. We can’t ever know how to treat an early fetus, because we can’t be sure of its moral status.” (Harman). Furthermore, the fetuses cannot feel pain during abortion (Rosenfield). According to Stuart W. G. Derbyshire, “necessary to the development of pain experience is also yet to occur.” (Derbyshire), and “there is no evidence that brain and neurological system are developed enough even at twenty-four weeks for the fetus to experience pain” (Rosenfield). Arguing about something that has not proven is not right. Even though today’s...