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Abortion Throughout History Essay

2589 words - 10 pages

Abortion Has No Excuse
Abortion has taken the lives of more than 50 million babies since 1973 (“About Abortion”). The issue of abortion is one of the most common controversial issues in American politics and culture. In modern society, many women that have an unintended pregnancy and they result to abortion without researching other options. Abortion is not a substitute for birth control and this issue should be taken seriously. The individual woman needs to understand that by agreeing to have an abortion she is agreeing to kill an innocent fetus. Abortion rips the unborn child from his or hers right to life. Society needs to let women see through the eyes of the fetus and find alternative ways to raise the baby. Abortion should be illegal because childhood begins at conception, not at birth.

Abortion History
According to Google, abortion is derived from the latin root aboriri or abortio, meaning to miscarry, and is defined as ending a pregnancy by the removal from the uterus of a fetus or embryo before viability. Abortion techniques developed as early as 1500 BC when an Egyptian doctor suggested the idea of an induced abortion. Because abortion is the removing of a human embryo, abortion is considered homicide. As early as the 13th century, abortion has been treated like a crime, punishable by hanging. Well into the 19th century abortion remained an offense because you are killing off an innocent embryo that is the cause of certain actions you decide to partake in.(“Abortion”). Later on in the 1840’s, the number of abortions among married women skyrocketed ("Transactions of the Washington Obstetrical and Gynecological Society"). Soon many U.S states began to ban abortions as they realized the medical implications and wrong doings that abortion causes to not only the United States but around the world.
Many Supreme Court decisions have spent months arguing legalization of abortion. In the 1973 Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade a pregnant women, Norma McCorvey (also known as “Jane Roe”) seeked to end her pregnancy. Through the fight of the court, it was declared that most state anti-abortion laws were unconstitutional. However, many rules were set into place. In the first trimester of pregnancy (0-12 weeks), states could not interfere with any abortion. During the second semester (13-28 weeks) states could allow a regulated abortion in ways that are related to mental health or even a proscribed abortion. Within the third trimester (29-40 weeks) a women can only get an abortion if it is to preserve the health or life of the mother. Alongside Roe v. Wade, in the 1992 case Planned Parenthood of Southeastern PA v. Casey, the court ruled that a state could require a woman seeking an abortion to give informed consent and to wait 24 hours and in the case of a minor they need to obtain parental consent (Ayers). Throughout abortions long history of pro-choice and pro-life, modern society needs to be fully educated on the topic so they can...

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