This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Abortion To Be Excluded In Criminal Code

1477 words - 6 pages

Abortion, termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of independent life. When the expulsion from the womb occurs after the fetus becomes viable (capable of independent life), usually at the end of six months of pregnancy, it is technically a premature birth.The practice of abortion was widespread in ancient times as a method of birth control. Later it was restricted or forbidden by most world religions, but it was not considered an offense in secular law until the 19th century. During that century, first the English Parliament and then American state legislatures prohibited induced abortion to protect women from surgical procedures that were at the time unsafe, commonly stipulating a threat to the woman's life as the sole ("therapeutic") exception to the prohibition. Occasionally the exception was enlarged to include danger to the mother's health as well. Legislative action in the 20th century has been aimed at permitting the termination of unwanted pregnancies for medical, social, or private reasons. Abortions at the woman's request were first allowed by the Soviet Union in 1920, followed by Japan and several East European nations after World War II. In the late 1960s liberalized abortion regulations became widespread. The impetus for the change was threefold: (1) infanticide and the high maternal death rate associated with illegal abortions, (2) a rapidly expanding world population, (3) the growing feminist movement. By 1980, countries where abortions were permitted only to save a woman's life contained about 20 percent of the world's population. Countries with moderately restrictive laws--abortions permitted to protect a woman's health, to end pregnancies resulting from rape or incest, to avoidgenetic or congenital defects, or in response to social problems such as unmarried status or inadequate income--contained some 40 percent of the world's population. Abortions at the woman's request, usually with limits based on physical conditions such as duration of pregnancy, were allowed in countries with nearly 40 percent of the world's population. Under the Criminal Code. R.S.C. !970, c.C-34, abortion constitutes a criminal offense. Section 159(2)(c) makes it an offense to offer or have for sale or disposal, to publish or advertise means, instructions or medicine intended or represented to cause abortion or miscarriage. Section 221(1) makes the act of causing death to a child who has not become a human being, in the act of birth, equivalent to murder. Abortion constitutes an indictable offense under s. 251 of the Code whenever a person uses any means to carry out the intent to procure a miscarriage of female person, whether she is pregnant or not. Section 251(2) makes any female attempting to procure a miscarriage by any means guilty of an indictable offense. Section 251(4) allows permission for a therapeutic abortion to be obtained from a competent committee, fulfilling strict regulations, with the operation...

Find Another Essay On Abortion To be Excluded in Criminal Code

Abortion Should be Illegal in American Society

1260 words - 5 pages the same rights that an adult has (Sade). Another scholar, Clifford Grobstein professor at the University of California San Diego, mentioned that scientifically the fertilized egg is living (Grobstein et al.). Professor Grobstein understands that the legislature cannot define what constitutes life, and that is why science is needed. If we use what professor Grobstein considers as life, to the constitution, abortion may be illegal in the eyes of the

Should mothers to be have a right to abortion?

1013 words - 4 pages "Should Mothers-To-Be Have A Right To Abortion?"Abortion is the spontaneous or induced termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, resulting in, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus, as stated in the Merriam-Webster Dictionary. In society today the number of aborted babies each year is increasing rapidly. About 43% of women will have one, or occasionally more, abortions during their lifetime. Hospitals and clinics

Should Juveniles be Tried in the Adult Criminal Justice System?

730 words - 3 pages prison sentence do not support the argument that juveniles should be punished the same as adults. Adults and children are different, especially when it comes to behavior and mental maturity. Children should not be punished the same as adults. Finally, juveniles should not be tried in the criminal justice system. There are multiple reasons for this. One of these would be that the prison environment and rehabilitation opportunities available to

Abortion Should be Illegal in the Untied States

2459 words - 10 pages supports how many women are choosing abortion. Although abortion is legal in the United States, many people continue to voice their opinions on how it is a human rights violation and should be illegal everywhere. The practice of abortion should be banned in society because it terminates the life of an innocent unborn child, causes long-term emotional effects, as well as major health risks for women who opt for abortion. The debate of abortion

The Evolution of Criminal Law: From the Common Law to Modern Statutes and the Model Penal Code

4557 words - 18 pages new laws and new influences on existing laws serve? What is the Common Law of England that came to be so vital to early American Jurisprudence? Does the common trend towards a Model Penal Code of criminal law stand in contradistinction to the earlier legal forebears, or are these merely codification and evolution of their predecessors?In arguably one of the most influential works to effect American legal thought, Oliver Wendell Holmes (1881

The anti-abortion drug - RU486 - should be legalized in Australia

538 words - 2 pages and 96% of them had a complete abortion", said the Planned Parenthood's vice president for medical affairs. "Since it was approved by the FDA in September. 2001, women and doctors nationwide report high levels of success and satisfaction with this early abortion option". The women that have had negative results didn't follow the guidelines properly. Women need to be well informed and warned about the dangers before purchasing the drug. This way it

Code Hero Frederic Henry in Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms

620 words - 2 pages In Ernest Hemingway’s A Farewell to Arms, the code hero is the protagonist Lieutenant Frederic Henry. Frederic is no exception and presents with the common features of any Hemingway hero. He treats women as mere objects of sexual pleasure, religion and the afterlife as inconsequential, and defeat with a measure of grace and finesse incomparable. His love for Catherine Barkley is sexually motivated, the author consistently casts a level of

Abortion: Choice or Life. Asks the question of whether abortion should be a choice or if life outweighs the choice for a woman to have an abortion

675 words - 3 pages generally play a large role in a woman's decision to have or not to have an abortion since they have been minimized by medical advances. The heavy weight of the decision is usually caused by the question of the morals of having an abortion. This is a question that has been asked in every country throughout the world and will surely continue to be asked as there is no clear answer.The question arises from not having a definite answer to when life begins

Abortion should NOT be illegal. This is a persuasive essay that shows the good that could come out of an abortion and why it should continue to be legal for women to CHOOSE to have an abortion

985 words - 4 pages they are legal or not. The problem is that these "back-alley" abortions are extremely unsafe. In past years, thousands of women have died from illegal abortions. The women who died were simply trying to practice their right to self-determination.The cultural and religious views of abortion continue to be an extremely heated debate. The Roman Catholic Church, Hinduism, and Buddhism teach that the soul enters the body at or before conception

The Legal and Social Attitudes to Abortion in England

2103 words - 8 pages in England. Nevertheless, whether and to what extent abortions should be encouraged, permitted, or even regulated or severely repressed is a social issue that has divided legislators and theologians for centuries. It is apparent that the application of severe criminal sanctions in order to deter the continued practice of abortion only became common in the 19th century which somehow became modified in different ways especially in various countries

Game Theory as it Relates to Abortion in Canada

2075 words - 8 pages power of the status quo.” Mulroney’s attempt to introduce abortion legislation to the House of Commons will be introduced and Flanagan’s analysis of the subsequent events will be explained and critiqued using additional aspects of game theory absent from the original paper. Mulroney began the battle for abortion legislation by attempting to test opinion in the House of Commons with an unconventional parliamentary procedure. He would introduce a set

Similar Essays

Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code

1340 words - 5 pages in response to social problems such asunmarried status or inadequate income--contained some 40 percent of the world'spopulation. Abortions at the woman's request, usually with limits based onphysical conditions such as duration of pregnancy, were allowed in countrieswith nearly 40 percent of the world's population.1Under the Criminal Code. R.S.C. !970, c.C-34, abortion constitutes acriminal offense. Section 159(2)(c) makes it an offense to offer

Abortion Should Be Kept Out Of The Criminal Code

1346 words - 5 pages statusor inadequate income--contained some 40 percent of the world's population. Abortions atthe woman's request, usually with limits based on physical conditions such as duration ofpregnancy, were allowed in countries with nearly 40 percent of the world's population.1Under the Criminal Code. R.S.C. !970, c.C-34, abortion constitutes a criminaloffense. Section 159(2)(c) makes it an offense to offer or have for sale or disposal, topublish or

How To Be A White Collar Criminal

1860 words - 7 pages For a crime to take place there is two key elements that must be present. Logically first, there needs to be the criminal opportunity, there could be no bank robbery if there was no bank. This is especially noteworthy for white collar crime as it necessarily required an occupation in which the crime is to be committed, also it differs from street crime in this regard because the offender has ‘legitimate access’. “By definition one must be in

Show How Code Switching Can Be Used For Strategic Purposes. In What Way Is Code Switching Similar To Or Different From Style Shifting As A Strategic Tool

2365 words - 9 pages French to give his comments, as French is the marked language for work related issues. (Heller, 2002)Code Switching As A StrategyOther than Heller's (2002) findings on how codeswitching can be used as a strategic tool, there are methods in which codeswitching can be used as a strategic tool that are similar to Heller's findings. Let us begin with Swann (2002), who had shown that codeswitching can be used to manage relations, such as interrupting