Abortions Have Not Affected The United States Population

1398 words - 6 pages

In what ways has legalized abortion had an impact on population? Most would expect that an increase in the number of abortions would have an impact on the population. The reasoning being because women, who would not have terminated their pregnancies due to abortions being illegal, now had that option available to them.
Although many think of abortion as a legacy from the 1960’s, abortions were as frequent on the eve of the Civil War as it is now (Olasky, 1992). There were roughly 160,000 abortions in 1860 in a population of 27 million (Olasky, 1992).This was almost comparable to the abortions today (Olasky, 1992). The number of abortions continued to rise during the second half of the 19th and the early years of the 20th centuries (Olasky, 1992).
The recorded history of abortion in America dates from the earliest settlements (Olasky, 1992). Maryland archives in the Library of Congress show abortion cases in 1656 and 1663 (Olasky, 1992). Massachusetts court records show abortions performed in 1678, 1681 and after that (Olasky, 1992). Other records indicate abortions were also practiced in Connecticut, New York and also points southward (Olasky, 1992). Abortion was widespread in the mid-1800’s as prostitution became much more common (Olasky, 1992). Without reliable contraception, prostitutes typically used abortion as their birth control, sometimes several times a year (Olasky, 1992). Reliable estimates from 1860 show 60,000 prostitutes becoming pregnant and having abortions (Olasky, 1992).
By the1860’s, abortion was not part of the American mainstream but was limited mostly to victims of seduction and prostitution (Olasky, 1992). Even so, these populations were sizeable (Olasky, 1992) In 1867; sixty-one percent of the ads in the medical column of the New York Herald were abortion-related (Olasky, 1992). Due to newer methods of contraception, assistance for unwed mothers, and abortion laws the abortion rates declined and stayed relatively low through 1960 (Olasky, 1992).
In 1969, a pregnant 21-year-old woman, named Norma McCorvey, using the pseudonym “Jane Roe,” became part of the Supreme Court case that would have forced the state of Texas to allow her to get an abortion. Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee, the two lawyers who drove Roe v. Wade to its landmark conclusion at the Supreme Court, needed a plaintiff, and encouraged McCorvey to challenge the Texas statute despite the fact that she was already five months pregnant and the case decision would probably take far longer (Roe turns 40, 2013)
The Supreme Court decision in 1973 legalized abortion (Roe v. Wade, 2013). Earlier than1973 performing an abortion was illegal in most states in nearly all situations that were not life threatening (Roe v. Wade, 2013). Before Roe v. Wade, most abortions were performed in secret (Roe v. Wade, 2013). With the passing of the landmark decision, elective abortions were legalized in the first trimester of pregnancy and the decision also...

Find Another Essay On Abortions Have Not Affected the United States Population

The Rising of HIV/AIDS in the United States Population

1234 words - 5 pages blood transfusions. Twenty-two years later, this disease has taken the world by storm. HIV/AIDS is steadily rising in the United States population because people are having unprotected sex, sharing needles, and are not getting tested. AIDS, which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the final stage of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus. In HIV the virus attacks CD4 positive T cells (“HIV Infection”). These T cells are very important

Population and Illegal Immigration in the United States

1974 words - 8 pages of life, causing our economy to be depleted of useful and qualified individuals.      When adding the numbers of legal and illegal immigrants, 50 percent of all U.S. population growth comes from immigration. While Americans try to have smaller families, immigration threatens our nation. If immigration rates remain this high, more than seventy million people will be added to the United States population in just fifty

Tax Cuts of 2000/2001: Good or Bad for the Economy. How have the Bush tax cuts affected the united states economy? Includes a bibliography.

1051 words - 4 pages Tax Cuts of 2000/2001:Good or Bad for the EconomyThe Bush tax cuts have not proven to be good for our economy. Although, we had a budget surplus our government jumped the gun with the tax cuts. These tax cuts will decrease the surplus extremely quickly and this money should be going towards most of the governmental run programs that usually are geared toward the moderate to low income people. Bush did not anticipate any future events that could

Should the United States have mandatory military conscription?

1385 words - 6 pages Absolutely, positively, emphatically, unequivocally, without a doubt, NO! Not now, not ever! Well, maybe for one reason, in the event of an existential threat to our nation. Now that I have stated my opinion I will back this up with information from several studies providing evidence for continuing the worlds greatest all volunteer (entry) military force. For the vast majority of our nation’s history, the United States has had an all volunteer

Should The United States Have Stricter Handgun Control Laws?

1727 words - 7 pages . There are many countries throughout the world and the U.S. that have laws regulating ownership, sale, and production of firearms. There are 41 out of 50 states that have state gun laws, 20,000 in the U.S. altogether. There are many different factors that can influence the effect of gun laws on crime and deaths like local traditions, density of population, psychological and sociological pressure and many others. For example just in the state we

How NAFTA has affected the financial service industries in the United States, Canada, and Mexico

1661 words - 7 pages will not benefit as much from transactions within their own markets. What’s more, Canada’s trade with Mexico is 1 percent of its trade with the United States. However, the principal gains from financial integration of this sort have largely to do with the more efficient allocation of capital across international boundaries and the more efficient provision of domestic financial services to consumers.      The primary

Should the United States of America have a flat tax?

1480 words - 6 pages flax tax does not make everything as simple as the republicans say it will. Rick Perry waived a post card around on TV suggesting that his flat tax plan would make doing your taxes so simple you could do it on a post card. According to NJ.com you would still have to figure out your credits and deductions, which is the main headache at for people at tax time. You would still have to attach your W-2 forms to verify your income, and you would still

The United States Should Not Impose a Flat Tax

1569 words - 7 pages A flat tax is a system in which a person’s income is not a factor and a single rate is set for all taxpayers. This kind of tax includes no deductions or exemptions. The United State’s current, progressive tax is very different from a flat tax, the most noticeable reason being that a progressive tax takes different percents of income depending on what income bracket a person falls into (Investopedia). During 2010 in the United States

Fifth Amendment Rights: Not Valid Outside the United States

1503 words - 6 pages stating what this American man is being charged with and no time frame on when, or even if, he will be getting a trial. This again shows that just because one is a citizen or resident of the U.S. one does not have the same rights in other countries that one would have in the U.S. If this unnamed American was being held within the United States, he would be held on formal charges with a pending day in court, not being held in a prison on

Immigration affected the economy of the United States during the period of the civil war? (1850-1880)

2906 words - 12 pages ideas to improve the standard of living. By settling in this country it gave opportunities to many people who would have not had the same opportunities in their own country.As acknowledged from earlier, the number of immigrants had steadily increased since the 1850s. The high immigration rates that the United States possessed allowed population to increase rapidly as more people are born in the United States. Most of the immigrants had rates of


1612 words - 6 pages If the United States had not delayed their decision to go to war against Hitler’s Nazi Germany then the war may have concluded earlier and potentially saved millions of lives. Hitler and the Nazi’s were in power for eight years before the United States decided to join the allies and fight against Hitler’s regime. Approximately six million Jews were slaughtered in addition to millions of others during World War II. The United States delay in

Similar Essays

The United States Homeless Population Essay

1237 words - 5 pages lower quality of life than those who have a place to call home. While there are many reasons why the homeless population continues to increase social and economic factors have contributed to this epidemic. The global financial crisis has contributed to the prevalence of homelessness in the United States. The social factors that contribute to homelessness include living in poverty and not enough affordable housing. The widespread of the crack

Global Immigration Since 9 11. How Have The Events Of 9 11 Affected Global Immigration? (Especially In The United States)

1635 words - 7 pages the fear of more terrorist attacks, airport security, immigration and travel laws have become stricter, not only in the United States, but in other countries such as Canadaand England. Since September 11, 2001, the border regions have received new attention because in addition to controlling illegal migration drug trafficking, the trafficking ofpeople, organised crime, the border region is now considered to be an important element of the war on

Events In 1945 1980 That Affected The United States History

2490 words - 10 pages Events in 1945-1980 that affected the United States history During the past years of the 1900s many factors have happened that resulted in the change of the United States history and future. It changed the everyday lives of Americans of how they survived and supported themselves and their family, in both positive and negative ways that affected them daily. For instance, the political affairs of the government and the election of candidates

Events That Affected United States History After The Civil War

1065 words - 4 pages Events that Affected United States History after the Civil War Following the American Civil War (1861-1865) the United States Congress passed the trio Civil War amendments; the 13th Amendment (1865), the 14th Amendment (1868), and the 15th (1870) Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The 13th Amendment spearheaded by President Lincoln led to the abolishment of slavery, the 14th Amendment provided citizenship to all persons born or