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About Hurricane Sandy Essay

1348 words - 6 pages

This paper gives us information about “Hurricane Sandy”. It is known as “Super storm Sandy”, off the record. It was the most disastrous hurricane of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season along with being the second hurricane that created financial crisis in United States history. In 1953, the National Weather Service started naming the storms after women. As a matter of fact, there are six lists of names for naming storms in the Atlantic. It was the eighteenth storm in the list, tenth hurricane and second large hurricane of the year 2012. It was a Category 3 storm according to the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, when it made landfall in Cuba. While it was a Category 2 storm off the coast of the Northeastern United States, the storm became the biggest Atlantic hurricane enlisted (according to diameter, with winds ranging 1,100 miles (1,800 km)).

Sandy emerged from a tropical wave on October 22. Tropical waves in the Atlantic basin originate from the turbulences, which expand as far east as Sudan in east Africa and deposit over the continent into the Atlantic Ocean. These are developed or intensified by the African Easterly Jet. Taking a small loop over the central Caribbean Sea, the structure enhanced into a tropical storm the next day and became the final hurricane of the season before reaching the coast of Jamaica on October 24. After emanating in the midst of Jamaica and Cuba, Sandy began a period of speedy development into a Category 3 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, with maximum uninterrupted winds of 115 mph (185 km/h). At this magnitude, it made landfall near Santiago de Cuba on October 25.

Global warming was the main reason for the occurrence. The water of the Gulf and Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean were heated due to global warming, leading to the rapid increase in energy and water vapor in the air over the water. When the water is heated, extremely aggressive and wet storms develop more regularly and destructively. The combination of three factors is responsible for Sandy's harshness: a mighty hurricane with the energy and moisture from above-normal sea surface temperature (SST is the temperature of water near the surface) in the Atlantic Ocean; warming in the Arctic caused an awfully shaped dip in the jet stream, as per the scientists’ beliefs thus leading the storm from East to West and increase of sea level by several feet along the East coast due to lunar high tides.

The storm flow formed by Hurricane Sandy, which occurred at high tide, accelerated water to 13.88 feet (4.23 m) at Battery Park, New York, overcoming the previous history of 10.02 feet (3.05 m) by Hurricane Donna in 1960 at the same area. On the other hand, a storm surge (rise of water accompanied by a low pressure weather system away from the shoreline) of 13 feet, during low tide, was also recorded at Battery Park at the time of 1821 Norfolk and Long Island hurricane, which took place before records were precisely kept. Storm tide records were also...

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