About Un,Its History And Contemporary Development

6778 words - 27 pages

United Nations

United Nations

Headquarters International territory in Manhattan, New York City

Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish

Membership 192 member states

Leaders

- Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon

Establishment

- United Nations Charter signed 26 June 1945

- Entry into force of Charter 24 October 1945

Website

www.un.org

United Nations portal

The United Nations Organization (UNO) or simply United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and the achieving of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after World War II to replace the League of Nations, to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.

There are currently 192 member states, including nearly every sovereign state in the world. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most visible public figure is the Secretary-General, currently Ban Ki-moon of South Korea, who attained the post in 2007. The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states, and has six official languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.[2]Contents [hide]

1 History

2 Organization

2.1 General Assembly

2.2 Security Council

2.3 Secretariat

2.3.1 Secretary-General

2.4 International Court of Justice

2.5 Economic and Social Council

2.6 Specialized institutions

3 Membership

3.1 Group of 77

4 Functions

4.1 Peacekeeping and security

4.2 Human rights and humanitarian assistance

4.3 Social and economic development

4.4 Mandates

4.5 Other

5 Funding

6 Personnel policy

7 Reform

8 See also

8.1 Relations between specific states and the United Nations

9 References

10 Further reading

11 External links

History This section requires expansion.

Main article: History of the United Nations

The signing of the UN Charter in San Francisco, 1945.

Following in the wake of the failed...

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