Abraham Lincoln Essay

690 words - 3 pages

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the U.S (1861-1865) who brought the Union to victory in the Civil War.
Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Kentucky. His father was Thomas Lincoln and his mother was Nancy Hanks, both were pioneer farmers. When Abraham Lincoln was two they moved to nearby Knob Creek, Indiana. The following year his mother died. In 1819 Abraham Lincoln’s father married Sarah Bush Johnston, a kind widow who gained Abraham Lincoln’s friendship. Abraham Lincoln grew up to be a tall, gangling boy who could handle himself. He also showed intellectual promises, even though he had little formal education. In 1831 he moved again to Macon County, Illinois and finally he got a job on a cargo ship sailing down the Mississippi to New Orleans. He then returned to Illinois to settle in New Salem on the Sangamon River, were he became a clerk at a local store. In 1832 he became Captain of a company going to fight in the Black Hawk War. When the war ended he came home and he tried to open a store but that ended in a failure when his partner died. In 1833 he was appointed postmaster. But he also had to take up surveying to support himself. In time he was able to pay off his debts and began to study law.

In 1834 Lincoln was elected on the Wing ticket to serve in the Lower House until 1841. He emerged as a party leader, so he moved to Springfield the capital of Illinois. At this time he also became a very popular attorney with a partnership of 3 other men. In 1842 he married Mary Todd, the daughter of a Kentucky banker. They had 4 children but only one made it to adulthood. In 1846 he was elected to the Congress based on his criticism of the Mexican War and his plan for no slavery in the District of Columbia. In 1849 he returned home to Springfield to peruse his profession. But in 1854 he became alarmed at Stephen Douglas’s Kansas-Nebraska Act, so he again became politically active. This clearly told Lincoln’s...

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