Abraham Lincoln Essay

1778 words - 7 pages

Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Kentucky. Whenhe was two, the Lincoln's moved a few miles to another farm on the oldCumberland Trail. A year later, his mother gave birth to another boy,Thomas, but he died a few days later. When Lincoln was seven his familymoved to Indiana. In 1818, Lincoln's mother died from a deadly diseasecalled the "milk-sick." Then ten years later his sister died and left him withonly his father and stepmother.Lincoln traveled to New Salem in April 1831 and settled there thefollowing July. In the fall of 1836 he and Mrs. Bennett Abell had a dealthat if she brought her single sister to New Salem he had to promise tomarry her. When she arrived he was not to pleased with her because herskin was full of fat. Around seven months later he asked Mrs. OrvilleBrowning to marry him but she said no. Lincoln met his wife to be, MaryTodd, at the grand cotillion in honor of the completion of the new capitalbuilding in 1839. They got engaged and a while later he broke off theengagement because she was seeing other men. Around a year later inSpringfield on November 4, 1842 Abraham and Mary got married. In 1844,Abraham and his wife were able to purchase their own house inSpringfield. It was a one-and-a-half story frame cottage. In May 1843,the Lincoln's had a son and named him Robert, after the addition to thefamily they made the house a full two story house. Lincoln had threemore sons Edward Baker, William Wallace, and Thomas. Edward died atthe age of three, the cause of death was either consumption orpulmonary tuberculosis.In 1832 Lincoln announced himself a candidate for the statelegislature but he was defeated. Then a year later he was appointedpostmaster of New Salem and in the fall he became deputy countysurveyor. He really wanted a seat in the Illinois legislature so he ran againand was elected with bipartisan support.Lincoln was very interested in being a lawyer, he would walk fifteenmiles just to watch the court cases in Boonville, Indiana. Lincoln got alicense to practice law after several hard years of teaching himself. Bythe early 1850s, the Lincoln-Herndon law office had become a leadingSpringfield firm.Chairman of the Senate's Committee on Territories, Stephen A.Douglas of Illinois came out with a new congressional act. Lincolnthought the Kansas-Nebraska Act was just wrong. In the summer of 1854Lincoln decided to campaign for a position in the Illinois State Assembly.In November he won but resigned because he wanted a seat in theUnited States Senate, where he thought he could make a real difference.He was defeated by Lyman Trumbull but in 1856, Lincoln was helping tocreate a new political party in Illinois called the Republicans. The newparty's first and primary goal was to prevent Democrat James Buchananfrom winning the Presidency, it failed. Then two days after Buchanan'sinauguration the Supreme Court ruled the Missouri Compromise"unconstitutional" and denied that Negros could never be...

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