Abraham Lincoln Essay

1795 words - 7 pages

Abraham Lincoln

     Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Kentucky. When
he was two, the Lincoln’s moved a few miles to another farm on the old
Cumberland Trail. A year later, his mother gave birth to another boy,
Thomas, but he died a few days later. When Lincoln was seven his family
moved to Indiana. In 1818, Lincoln’s mother died from a deadly disease
called the “milk-sick.” Then ten years later his sister died and left him with
only his father and stepmother.
     Lincoln traveled to New Salem in April 1831 and settled there the
following July. In the fall of 1836 he and Mrs. Bennett Abell had a deal
that if she brought her single sister to New Salem he had to promise to
marry her. When she arrived he was not to pleased with her because her
skin was full of fat. Around seven months later he asked Mrs. Orville
Browning to marry him but she said no. Lincoln met his wife to be, Mary
Todd, at the grand cotillion in honor of the completion of the new capital
building in 1839. They got engaged and a while later he broke off the
engagement because she was seeing other men. Around a year later in
Springfield on November 4, 1842 Abraham and Mary got married. In 1844,
Abraham and his wife were able to purchase their own house in
Springfield. It was a one-and-a-half story frame cottage. In May 1843,
the Lincoln’s had a son and named him Robert, after the addition to the
family they made the house a full two story house. Lincoln had three
more sons Edward Baker, William Wallace, and Thomas. Edward died at
the age of three, the cause of death was either consumption or
pulmonary tuberculosis.
     In 1832 Lincoln announced himself a candidate for the state
legislature but he was defeated. Then a year later he was appointed
postmaster of New Salem and in the fall he became deputy county
surveyor. He really wanted a seat in the Illinois legislature so he ran again
and was elected with bipartisan support.
     Lincoln was very interested in being a lawyer, he would walk fifteen
miles just to watch the court cases in Boonville, Indiana. Lincoln got a
license to practice law after several hard years of teaching himself. By
the early 1850s, the Lincoln-Herndon law office had become a leading
Springfield firm.
     Chairman of the Senate’s Committee on Territories, Stephen A.
Douglas of Illinois came out with a new congressional act. Lincoln
thought the Kansas-Nebraska Act was just wrong. In the summer of 1854
Lincoln decided to campaign for a position in the Illinois State Assembly.
In November he won but resigned because he wanted a seat in the
United States Senate, where he thought he could make a real difference.
He was defeated by Lyman Trumbull but in 1856, Lincoln was helping to
create a new political party in Illinois called the Republicans. The new
party’s first and primary goal was to prevent Democrat James Buchanan
from winning the Presidency, it failed. Then two days after Buchanan’s
...

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