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President Abraham Lincoln Essay

2151 words - 9 pages

President Abraham Lincoln

Mini Biography

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States. He held the Union together during the Civil War and brought about the emancipation of slaves. Before he became president he was a Civil rights Activist, lawyer, and a U.S. Representative (Abraham Lincoln Biography).

Lincoln was born in a log cabin in Hardin County, Kentucky to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. He was one of three children with Sarah being his older sister and Thomas being his younger brother whom died in infancy. In 1817, there was a land dispute which forced Lincoln’s family to move to Perry County, Indiana where his father eventually bought the land (Abraham Lincoln Biography).

When Abraham was 9 years old his mother died of tremetol (Abraham Lincoln Biography). His father soon remarried to Sarah Bush Johnston (Abraham Lincoln Biography). Ab bonded close with his step mother as she had always encouraged him to read. It wasn’t until early manhood that Ab received his formal education.

He served a single term in the House of Representatives from 1847 to 1849. He used this term to speak out against the Mexican war and to support Zachary Taylor for president (Abraham Lincoln Biography). Later on, in the 1850’s, he served as a lobbyist in Illinois Central Railroad Company as its attorney (Abraham Lincoln Biography). Lincoln later married Anne Rutledge who later died. He then married Mary Owens on November 4, 1842. They had four children of which only one, Robert, was to survive to adulthood (Abraham Lincoln Biography).

Pre-Presidential Event Shaping Philosophy

In 1854, the Political upheaval of the Kansas-Nebraska Act was rammed through congress under the leadership of Illinois Senator Stephan A. Douglas (McPherson). This act

revoked the ban on slavery in the Louisiana Purchase territory (McPherson). Before 1854 Lincoln had said little in public about slavery, but during the next six years he delivered an estimated 175 speeches whose "central message" was the necessity to exclude slavery from the territories as a step toward its ultimate extinction everywhere (McPherson).

Lincoln ran for the state legislature and took the stump for other "anti-Nebraska" Whigs (McPherson). Lincoln’s fullest exposition philosophy occurred in a speech at Peoria on October 16th, 1854. Slavery was a “monstrous injustice,” he said, that “deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world—enables the enemies of free institutions, with plausibility, to taunt us as hypocrites.” With the Kansas-Nebraska Act, “our republican robe is soiled, and trailed in the dust. Let us repurify it. . . . Let us re-adopt the Declaration of Independence, and with it, the practices, and policy, which harmonize with it” (Basler, vol. 2, pp. 247-83).

Power Before Presidency

The Whig Party soon fell apart. In 1856, Lincoln helped found the Republican Party in Illinois (McPherson). He held the famous “Lost Speech” of the new party at...

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