Abraham Lincoln, Adelicia Acklen And Harriet Tubman

1579 words - 6 pages

The time of the American Revolution was the birth of America. During this period of time the Revolutionary war was fought and America gained its independence from Britain. The Declaration of Independence was signed July 4, 1976 giving the 13 colonies freedom to govern themselves and shortly thereafter in 1781, the Articles of Confederation were ratified. These articles empowered the federal government to conduct foreign affairs, make treaties, and declare war, which had been essential in the struggle for independence. In 1787, The Constitution of the United States further strengthened our laws. During the next 100 years Americans continued to build communities and wealth based on the principles and laws contained within these documents. During colonial America and the period leading to the Civil War slavery was the foundation of the socioeconomic system. This topic created an ongoing debate between the north, south and free states. The Declaration of Independence declares, “That all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness (Foner, 2013, A-18).” Abraham Lincoln President of the United States of America, Adelicia Acklen plantation owner, and Harriet Tubman, abolitionist define what these unalienable rights meant to them in the 19th century, the period that created an opportunity for change and a rebirth for America.

Abraham Lincoln was born February 12, 1809 in Hodgenville, Kentucky to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks Lincoln. He had two siblings, sister Sarah who was older than him and younger brother Thomas, who died during infancy. The family was eventually forced to move out of Kentucky to seek other opportunities after land disputes in the state. They settled in Illinois, where Abraham Lincoln grew up and eventually self-educated as a lawyer. He married Mary Todd who he had four children with. Abraham Lincoln was known for his honesty and became known during his years practicing law as Honest Abe. He briefly served in the military before becoming commander in chief. President Lincoln won the election mostly by support of the northern states, who depended on free labor and were becoming more industrialized. The southern states remained dependent on slavery and feverously advocated for the expansion of the institution. Therefore, the Civil War steamed from a country divided. During his tenure and under his leadership he also became known as the Great Emancipator. Phillips (1992) gives us a glimpse at President Lincoln, the leader:
“He grew up in poverty and had a binding link to the common people. He was innovative at a time when the age of discoveries and inventions was just beginning. He was compassionate and caring yet, when necessary, could put his foot down firmly and be decisive beyond question. He was patient, persistent, consistent, and persuasive rather than dictatorial. But, without a doubt, the foundation of...

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