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Abraham Lincoln And The Fourth Estate: The White House And The Press During The American Civil War By Richard Carwardine

655 words - 3 pages

In “Abraham Lincoln and the Fourth Estate: The White House and the Press during the American Civil War” Richard Carwardine discusses the incredible increase in the Press’ contribution to the American Civil War. Carwardine explains Abraham Lincoln’s role with the media and his use of newspapers as political weaponry from before the election and into his presidency. This topic is significant because it illustrates Abraham Lincoln’s intelligence and strengths as a president during the Civil War. The article gives insight to how Lincoln may have been as successful as he was during his presidency. Also, no previous political leader had had the task of managing an administration in a mass democracy where over a million of its citizens were recruited for the armed force.
Richard Carwardine’s article’s main idea is to focus on the issues of Abraham Lincoln’s use of press and media during the Civil War. The article specifically discusses Lincolns understanding of newspapers in political ...view middle of the document...

He backs up and goes into detail in each idea. It is especially easy to identify that he achieved the objectives he set out for due to his organization of the article.
Throughout the article Richard Carwardine does a great job at organizing his ideas. The article is organized by his thesis, and is separated into a Roman numeral for each idea. Each Roman numeral is arranged chronologically and follows Lincoln from before the election and through his presidency. Carwardine’s use of Roman numerals helps to separate his ideas, making it easy to read, and clear to see which points were made. In Roman numeral VI Carwardine concludes his article and wraps up with the influences of Lincoln’s victory in the 1864 election. All of which contribute to Lincoln’s intelligent use of the media.
Carwardine uses several primary and secondary sources. He uses obvious primary sources such as the Emancipation Proclamation and several quotes from Abraham Lincoln himself. These sources make the article more interesting by getting to read exactly what Abraham Lincoln said. However, Carwardine mainly uses secondary sources in his article such as autobiographies, various books, and news articles dealing with Abraham Lincoln. He quotes several news articles from during the Civil War time period. The use of these quotes made the article more interesting, and gave a direct idea of what was being said in the press during that time.
Overall, I believe that “Abraham Lincoln and the Fourth Estate: The White House and the Press during the American Civil War” was a successful article. Richard Carwardine accomplishes covering everything that is mentioned in his thesis, and informs the reader of Abraham Lincoln and his relationship with the media. Which is a topic that I didn’t know very much about.
Richard Carwardine successfully discusses Abraham Lincolns understanding of newspapers, his relationship with editorial corps, and his use of newspapers as a political weapon. I especially enjoyed how Carwardine gave an instance where Lincoln had a lapse in judgment and denied the New York Daily News postal privileges. This was a great example of how well Lincoln understood newspapers, but also made him seem human. Richard Carwardine also succeeded at helping his readers gain knowledge about the importance of Lincoln’s relationship with the media.

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