Abraham Lincoln Assassination Thorough Description Plus Assassination Source Analysis

4249 words - 17 pages

Task 1: The AssassinationJohn Wilkes Booth was born on May 10, 1838. He was the 9th child of ten in his family, and his father Junius Booth was one of the most famous actors on the American stage. In 1860 he was hailed "the young tragedian of the year" and was earning an easy $20,000 annually. With such a lifestyle, why did he grow up to conspire the death of President Lincoln? Supposedly pledged towards the "right of the South" which principles were based upon slavery, everything Lincoln was against.Before the civil war Booth served under Colonel Robert e. Lee. During the war he turned pacifist and did not take action in the war, so he continued his career in acting. Booth took pride in his appearance and with looks came charms; he also had a fair amount of money which he could spend on liquor wile expressing his anti-republican and anti-Lincoln views.Booth had a few school day friends who shared the same views as him; they often met up at changing meeting places. George A. Atzerodt, Michael O'Loughlin, Lewis Paine, Sam Arnold, David Herold and Booth were all conspired to be connected to the death of Abraham Lincoln and the Vice President, William H. Seward, what they all did exactly has been deeply analysed by theorists and historians, but as they practised with weaponry and violence there is no doubt they were on a mission to end the life of President Lincoln.The motive behind the murder was fundamentally on Lincoln views on slavery, and the fear that without slavery, the southern states economical structure would fall. Just before Booth shot Lincoln, he murmured "Sic Semper Tyrannis," which means As Always to Tyrants; this statement shows his perspective on Lincoln's leadership as president, this is most probably because of his movement to enforce the abolishment of slavery in all American states.After assassinating President Lincoln, Booth escaped to meet up with his trusted friend Herold in Maryland, they then travelled to a tavern where they often went and picked up a package for Booth, which was his glasses, and then they rode off to Dr. Mudd's practice and put a splint on Booths broken leg. Back in Washington Lincoln never regained consciousness and he dies at 7:22 am the following day of the play. Booth and Herold travelled south, but federal authorities caught them hiding in a barn, Herold gave up but Booth refused so the authorities set the barn alight, still refusing they shot him dead. Days after the assassination the Booths co-conspirators where arrested and tried before a military tribunal, and were found guilty. George A. Atzerodt and David Herold were hanged on July 7, 1865. Dr. Mudd, O'Loughlin and Arnold were sentenced to life in prison and Edman "Ned" Spangler, (a theatre stagehand,) received a 6 year sentence, for apparently aiding Booth's escape.There are many theories on the sentences given to conspirers in the assassination, but the information above is the most widely recognised theory.Born in a log cabin near...

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