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Abraham Lincoln’s Assassination Essay

1669 words - 7 pages

Few events in the history of United States have had the magnitude that the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln had. President Lincoln was shot by an American actor named John Wilkes Booth. After the murder, the largest American manhunt began in search of the Confederate spy, John Wilkes Booth.
Booth was born May 10, 1830 in Bel Air, Maryland. He was the eighth child of Junius Brutus Booth and Mary Ann Holmes. He had nine other siblings, all varying in ages. He was raised on a farm owned by his parents. Booth’s parents had slaves to help around the farm. He attended various schools as a young boy, but spent the most time at a boarding school operated by Quakers in Cockeysville. As a teenager he attended St. Timothy's Military Academy, but dropped out soon after his father died in 1852. Booth then began to follow in his father's footsteps and became an actor. He made his acting debut at 17 years old in Shakespeare's Richard III at the Charles Street Theater in Baltimore.
President Abraham Lincoln was born in Hardin County, Kentucky on Febuary 12th, 1809. When he was two years old his family moved to a farm on Knob Creek. It was there Lincoln learned his ABCs by attending school for a few weeks with his older sister Sarah. As Lincoln grew older, he was employed as a store clerk, mill hand, partner in a general store, postmaster, and surveyor. In 1832 he announced his candidacy for the legislature. Even though Lincoln lost, he ran again in 1834, and won. He was then reelected in 1836, 1838, and 1840. After Lincoln’s term in 1840 he decided to retire from politics to focus on his law practice. After several years Lincoln realized his ambitions were not fulfilled by his successful law practice, so he decided to run for Congress in 1846. After he served his term he returned back to Springfield to continue his law practice. Lincoln quickly became one the leading lawyers in the state until the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed. Lincoln called the Act a "monstrous injustice," and it "deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world--enables the enemies of free institutions, with plausibility, to taunt us as hypocrites." ("American National Biography Online: Lincoln, Abraham.") In 1855 Lincoln ran for the U.S. Senate, but lost to a fellow Whig, Lyman Trumbull. Lincoln then returned home to Illinois, where he picked up law again for a year. In 1856 Lincoln helped create a new political party, the Republicans. Lincoln was quickly seen as a leader for the Republicans and became a national figure through his debates with Senator Douglas during the Senate election of 1858. It was during these debates Lincoln quoted the gospel of Mark saying “A house divided against itself cannot stand," and then continued on saying "I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free. . . . It will become all one thing, or all the other." ("Abraham Lincoln.") Lincoln ended up losing to Douglas in his...

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