This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Absolute Monarchs During The Renaissance Essay

3421 words - 14 pages

Absolute Monarchy was a major form of government in Europe during the Renaissance. The monarch of that country controlled every aspect of their country and acts as the undisputed head of state. Whether economic, social, religious, or domestic the monarch had his say in every matter in their country. While except in places like the Middle East and Africa, absolute monarchs have ceased to exist, their policies and actions are used in the governments of today.
During the Renaissance countries like Spain, England, France, Russia, Sweden, and Austria all had absolute monarchs. Even though they differed in many policies they all had the power to do anything they pleased. The only thing that held them in check was the morale support of their armies. If the army of the monarchs were to go against them then all the power of the monarch would be lost. This was highly important because many of the absolute monarchs would fight against each other for religious or purely political reasons. They would fight in Europe or in their overseas colonies in the new world.
After years of turmoil during the reign of Ivan the Terrible the Boyar Duma, ,a council of Russian nobles, appointed the young Peter Alekseyevich Romanovas the next Tsar of Russia. He was better known as Peter the Great. Peter took control of his country and established a dynasty that lasted until World War I.
Peter realized that Russia seemed like a backwards country compared to Western Europe. He recruited western figures to come to Russia as his ministers and help him fulfil his policy of Westernization.
Peter instituted the policy of Mercantilism from Western Europe to stimulate agriculture, industry and commerce. The state dominated all forms of industry. The state was the source of capital, raw materials and labor. The state was also the main purchaser of finished goods. In 1718, two colleges were created for commerce and mines and manufacturing. Under state direction, factories of all types were developed. Prices were fixed by the state and the state had the right to be the first purchaser from the producers - but at a price fixed by the state. Private businesses could make a profit only on the surplus of produce which the state did not want and many successful enterprises were simply taken over by the state. Peter also dreamed for a warm weather port where the water wouldn’t freeze and could be open all year for trade. During the Great Northern War Peter finally received his port in the form of St. Petersburg. He for a short time even moved the capital to St. Petersburg. He extended Russia’s border east and mined the abundant natural resources there.
While Peter’s foreign policy was directly related to his economic policy of receiving a warm weather port on the Baltic Sea he also had different goals. He wanted to prove to the world that Russia was a power to be reckoned with. He mainly wanted to improve diplomatic relations. He needed this to improve relations with European countries. He...

Find Another Essay On Absolute Monarchs During the Renaissance

The Humanist Movement During the Renaissance

1250 words - 5 pages A controversial topic among historians regards the humanist movement during the Renaissance. It is generally agreed that there were mutual intentions and characteristics that mainly consisted of the study of the classics with the purpose of understanding humanity better. However, when studying the humanist movement during the Renaissance, the varying opinions concerning the time period in which the Renaissance occurred, as well as the varying

The Medici Family During the Renaissance

1160 words - 5 pages The Renaissance was a time of rebirth of classic learning of the Greeks and Romans in Western Europe after the Middle Ages. Humanism, started by Pettrarch, was the popular belief during that era. People no longer believed that art and culture were only in the hands of the clergy. People wanted to explore and be creative, to be part of the arts and literature themselves. The Medici family were great humanists and made significant contribution to

The Unique Art Produced During the Renaissance

857 words - 4 pages The renaissance or “rebirth” was a cultural awakening which spanned from the fourteenth to sixteenth century. A growing interest in humanist traits and classical ideas heavily influenced the art during the renaissance. A growing community of artists provided much needed competition for their profession. The renaissance introduced many different and modern ideas but also remained obedient to classical belief. The unique art of the renaissance

The Portraiture of Women During the Renaissance

1824 words - 7 pages This essay will discuss how women were represented in the portraiture during the Renaissance period. It will explain how the women’s body was pictured in portraiture as; marriage celebrant, husbands beloved, figures of fertility, mothers, display of wealth, paragons of virtues, husband’s passive representative, indication of fashion and more (Brown, 2003). Next, it will include analysis from the two female portraits of Leonardo de Vinci’s

Anatomical Discoveries during the Renaissance Period

967 words - 4 pages . During the Renaissance period, Anatomists questioning and experimentation led to great discoveries of the human body. Wrong theories of the anatomy have been assumed to be correct for thousands of years. Theories of using a scientific base were not used by the Europeons until the Renaissance period (“Medicine”). These theories, made by a Greek Physician named Galen, were supported by the Catholic Church. The Middle Ages were a difficult time to

Anatomical Discoveries During the Renaissance Period

1093 words - 4 pages . During the Renaissance period, Anatomists questioning and experimentation led to great discoveries of the human body. Wrong theories of the anatomy have been assumed to be correct for thousands of years. Theories of using a scientific base were not used by the Europeans until the Renaissance period (“Medicine”). These theories, made by a Greek Physician named Galen, were supported by the Catholic Church. The Middle Ages were a difficult time to

Knowledge and Skills During The Renaissance

589 words - 3 pages authors conveyed their outlooks on concepts in their pieces. Edmund Spenser’s work expressed his views on Protestantism and Catholicism. William Shakespeare is known today as one of the best writers during the Renaissance period. William focused more on poetry to be successful, but is widely know as the dramatist of his time. His most famous pieces were, Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth, A Midsummer Nights Dream, and Hamlet. All Shakespeare’s pieces

The Poetry of Langston Hughes During the Harlem Renaissance

2110 words - 8 pages numbers, but just as the cultural aspects of Harlem prospered other walks of life in Harlem suffered dramatically due to the ever increasing population. Having developed a distinctive culture, Harlem was the epicenter for black writers, artists and intellectuals during the 1920s. The Harlem Renaissance was centered on activities influenced by the experimental styles of literature and music that derived from Europe and America. The topic most focused

The Foundation of Understanding Human Anatomy During Renaissance Period

953 words - 4 pages Our understanding in anatomy and physiology today will be deadened without the knowledge from the Renaissance period. Let take a short step to look at what is Renaissance? Based historian, Renaissance means rebirth because “it [is] believed that the human spirit [has] to be reawakened as it [is] in the classical (Greco-Roman) times” (). During this time, the new conception of human emerges as individualism which means a man can create his own

Artists and Art and Learning during the Renaissance

2775 words - 11 pages that was coexistent with the discoveries and changing view toward humans and their world, that were also characteristics of the Italian Renaissance. In northern countries like Germany and England, people were slow to accept the new culture of the Renaissance and even slower still in allowing it to become outdated.In Spain, painters during the Renaissance never achieved the modernity that had been found in northern Europe and Italy, even though their

Assess the historical significance of Machiavelli's writing of 'The Prince" during the Renaissance period

1344 words - 5 pages Assess the historical significance of Machiavelli's writing of 'The Prince" during the Renaissance periodThe Renaissance period was one of great achievement in the fields of architecture, painting, sculpture and literature. 'Machiavelli, a writer of literature emerged and came to favor in Florence during the rule of Savonarola in Italy.' In his work the Prince, a handbook for rulers, I will discuss its significance during this turbulent period

Similar Essays

Essay On 3 Absolute Monarchs: Louis Xiv, Peter The Great, Frederick The Great

806 words - 3 pages From 1638-1786, there were three absolute monarchs. Louis XIV, the sun king, built a splendid court at Versailles where he looked over the nobles. Peter the Great, the westernizer, changed Russia from a backward country into a great power. Finally, Frederick the Great, the enlightened despot, was full of tolerance and restraint and had good views on government. He improved Prussia many ways.Louis XIV increased his revenue by taxing, improving

Women During The Renaissance Essay

1277 words - 5 pages Renaissance Women During the Renaissance, women were not seen as educational or independent. The women of the Renaissance were the man’s shadow. They were regarded more for their delicacy and beauty rather than their intelligence. Their main role in life during that time was to marry, have children, and to take care of the household. Despite these facts, some women were able to break out of these statistics. I believe that these women of that

Paintings During The Renaissance Essay

887 words - 4 pages The Renaissance was a turning point for art. Many new styles and techniques emerged from this time period. Compared with the paintings of the Middle Ages, during the Renaissance, paintings became more realistic and more attention was directed to the detail of each person. Perspective and a sense of depth and space were included in the paintings. We can examine these features in the 15th century paintings of the Annunciation by Botticelli and

Literature During The Harlem Renaissance Essay

661 words - 3 pages expression of the transformation that was seen from the outburst of literature, art, and music (Huggins). The art and literature of the Harlem Renaissance focused on proving the humanity and equality of African Americans. Music and literature during this time was very diverse and different and there was not a common type of form that was expressed, but the lives of the African Americans were shown through songs and poems. African American art and