Absolutisim in France
1) Age of Absolutism
2) Rise of Absolutism In France (1660-1789)
3) Administration of Cardinal Richelieu
4) Administration by Cardinal Mazarin
5) Rule of Louis XIV (1661-1715)
Absolutism is the key word that I chose as a most important issue that I learned in my
history class. Absolutism is also known as a strong and centralized monarchy, which are
some countries led to despotism. King was given absolute power by God’s authority over
his subjects and nobody could question his credibility. “L’etat C’est moi” (I am the State)
meant that king was able to make the law, translate it according to his will and also
enforce it upon his subjects. King controlled the military, church and economy securing
strong and powerful monarchy in order to provide national security and prosperity.
There are four essential characteristics or qualities of royal authority.
First, royal authority is sacred.
Second, it is paternal.
Third, it is absolute.
Fourth, it is subject to reason.
- Jacques Bossuer, Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture
Absolutism could only come with strong, centralized government.
Absolutist, as well as mercantilist knew that to provide social and political harmony there is a need for subjects to recognize and obey their duty.
Absolutist monarchs worked to control the disposition of the state’s armed forces, legal system and the collection and distribution of its tax revenues.
Absolutism attempted to “nationalize” the Church and it’s clergy and control nobles depriving it of political power, while increasing its social prestige.
Struggle between local and central power.
The Absolutism of Louis XIV.
Louis XIV, the Sun King
Fact, that I would find most valuable and interesting is ruling of Louis XIV, king of France between 1661 and 1715.
At age 23, Louis XIV took power over France after...