For a period in time, the Catholic Church held the “divine right of kings” to be all important, to be paramount. To the Catholic Church, it is a doctrine that states royal and political legitimacy. A divine right of kings affirms that a monarch is subject to absolutely no earthly authority. God had given the power and authority to a king in order that he may rule. In doing this, it consequentially gave the king the right to rule directly from the will of God and not be questioned or contended with. This doctrine states that the king is not subject to the will of his people, and did not have to answer to them, nor could the king be taken off his throne by the people. It also states that if anyone attempts to question the king’s authority, not only would it be marked for treason, but it will be seen as talking against God, as a sacrilege, since the king’s words and laws were only answerable to the Lord, therefore in a sense, questioning or challenging the king, was contesting God.
In 1597, books were written by King James VI of Scotland, regarding the divine rights of the kings. One book in particular, stated the duties of the king, and it stated “A good king acknowledges himself ordained for his people, having received from God a burden of government, whereof he must be accountable” (stoics, 2004).
Under the reign of Louis XIV, in 1685, France was beginning a transition it could not fight. Louis XIV attempted to stomp out all traces of Protestant Churches. Protestant schools were closed, as were the churches. Louis XIV even went so far as to have the Protestant ministers exiled from France. Some people converted; while others who would not convert were forced into slavery. Even the children were baptized by the Catholic Church’s priests. By stomping out the Protestants, this gave the Catholic people and the Catholic people a chance to flourish and grow, even if it was by force (Craig, 2009).
There was much conflict between England and its people. There was also much conflict were religion was concerned as well. However, there was also a difference of opinion where the Monarchy was concerned as well. Parliament, a monarchy where the king or queen of England was used as only to save face, to show that there was someone else in power of the government, instead of the Parliament. In the English Monarchy, the king or queen is actually the head of the country. They make all the decisions, not the parliament.
The history and the developing conflict surrounding the parliament and monarchy was very eventful, and goes as far back as the eighth century, and the Emperor Alfred the Great, who was the one who began the creation of the centralized government. The Middle Ages were witness to many war torn lands, as a result of battles for the crown. This also was one of the causes of the Hundred Years War. The Tudors finally ended this feuding, no only by producing some of England’s finest and successful rulers, by enhancing England’s lands...