Absolutism In France Versus Constitutional Monarchy In England. The Political, Economic, Religous And Social Effects On England And France.

2223 words - 9 pages

In the wake of the Reformation, two countries experienced a century of great change, and whether growth or decline, this change was drastic. After Elizabeth I died at the turn of the century, James I took the throne of England and took absolutism with him. He and the next five successors would oversee the growth of England from an erratic, absolutist monarchy to a working, stable Constitutional monarchy. France was not fortunate enough to experience such growth. In contrast, it experienced great decline because the country did not evolve and continued with absolutism even a century after England had proven that type of governing was not effective.There are several aspects of each country that are interesting to compare. The foremost of these aspects being the political, economic, religious and social situations. Despite numerous similarities in some of these categories, the extreme differences, in the end, caused them to take different courses in their evolution toward modern government.The politics of England during the 17th century follow two absolute monarchs, a dictator, two more monarchs, and then the first constitutional monarch ever.When James I became the first Stuart king of England in the dawn of the 17th century, he was completely unfamiliar with the English Parliament. He believed in the Divine Right of Kings, or the belief that kings had a divine right to their authority and were responsible only to him. He did not feel responsible to Parliament or his people, or that he had to share his power with anyone. In this way he introduced absolutism to England.His son Charles I became England's second absolute monarch in 1625. He was similarly foolish in terms of relations with Parliament; however, because of his many foolish wars he needed the money that Parliament guaranteed him. There was already tension because the monarchy was Anglican, while most of Parliament was Puritan. After several quarrels in which Parliament was dissolved and then recalled twice, Parliament sends Charles a document to sign admitting Parliament's supremacy over the monarch. Because Charles I believed himself an absolute monarch who shared power with no one, he was outraged and thus began the Civil War of England.This civil war was multi-faceted because the defenders of the king, or Anglicans, were known as Cavaliers and the defenders of Parliament, or Puritans, were known as Roundheads. Oliver Cromwell led the Roundheads to victory in 1646, beheaded the former monarch and formed his own government in England. This government, called the Commonwealth, was a dictatorship in which the military controlled everything, and Cromwell controlled the military. The Commonwealth forbade alcohol, theater, and foul language because of the Puritan basis.Shortly after Cromwell died in 1658, the Stuart monarchy was restored because of exhaustion from Puritan rules. Charles II was made king, followed by James II. As James intensified his Catholic policies and became increasingly...

Find Another Essay On Absolutism in France versus Constitutional Monarchy in England. The political, economic, religous and social effects on England and France.

"The Constitutional Monarchy and Absolutism" --Improvements: Im not particularly a good closer. So a more elaborate conclusion could be in order...depending on what your specific question is.

1648 words - 7 pages , not to citizens.In terms of political powers, England (the constitutional monarchy) and France (absolutism) differed greatly. On one hand, constitutional monarchy inventively limited the powers and actions of it's ruler/rulers. In England, after the Bill of Rights was introduced, laws were made by Parliament and not by the monarch. Parliament could also not be suspended by the Monarch either. These rights now given to the Parliament were unheard of

Social, Economic and Political Differences Between the New England and Chesapeake Colonies

696 words - 3 pages two distinct societies. These differences affected the colonies socially, economically, and politically. Social differences are one of the reasons New England and Chesapeake developed into two distinct societies. People in England were tired of being oppressed by the government, so they wanted to come to the New World for new opportunities and better treatment. According to a source from Massachusetts of the New England Colonies, “our town shall

Life in England and France in the 14th century was full of unrest and uncertainty. The effects of war, disease (bubonic plague) and famine led to huge deaths in Europe.

1186 words - 5 pages to regain control of the region in order to control its wealth. England and France headed to war to attempt to end the dispute, but actually they inflicted more disorder upon their citizens. The fighting imposed untold despair on France. Social disintegration was at its highest and the population was decimated by war and famine. The most noteworthy result of the Hundred Years' War is that the nobility and secular leaders were busy fighting at a

Growth Of Limited Monarchy In England

1240 words - 5 pages time, England was at war with Spain and France. Now Charles called back Parliament into the midst of upheaval. Parliament forced him to sign the Petition of Right, which somewhat limited his power. A year after this, Charles took back his signature on the petition and dissolved Parliament. For eleven years, he ruled England on his own.During this time, Charles appointed William Laud to be in control of the Church of England. Together, the two

Economic Effects of the Black Plague in England

2225 words - 9 pages and being surrounded by other factors such as the Great Famine and the Hundred Years War, it is hard to be certain on the level of impact the plague had as a standalone catastrophe, but there is enough evidence to realize it played a significant role in shaping the landscape of England’s economy. The depopulation of England is a factor around every economic effect either directly or indirectly. The two largest effects under the depopulation

The Social/Economic Upper-Class in England in Mrs. Dalloway, Sense and Sensibility, and The Picture of Dorian Gray

1382 words - 6 pages The social/economic upper-class in England in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway, Jane Austen’s Sense and Sensibility, and Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Dorian Gray are depicted through the characters’ lifestyles, wealth, and behaviors. Woolf, Austen, and Wilde give insightful portrayals of the characters by emphasizing their social roles in the England society. Their portrayals of the characters suggest that they are critical of the upper

Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens. This essay reflects the stability of England versus France during the French Revolution.

787 words - 3 pages In A Tale of Two Cities, by Charles Dickens, the author writes about the social problems in England and what is known today as the French Revolution. The novel is set in 1775, with a comparison of England and France. Both countries battle poverty, injustice, and violence due to the ruling authorities. The French people were tired of the social and economic inequalities enforced by the ruling monarchy. The aristocracy and clergy lived a life of

Feudalism and Weapons Revolution impacted by the use of Mercenary forces after William the Conqueror began strenghtening his grip on Northern France and England.

2637 words - 11 pages --and was for the most part the skeggǿx, or bearded axe, until around 1000 when the breidǿx, or broad axe, was introduced. In fact, once the Viking invasion of England introduced the axe to the Anglo-Saxons, their reliance upon it as a primary infantry weapon outweighed even the Vikings use of the axe in that same role--and it made an astounding appearance on both sides at the Battle of Hastings.However, as the Normans control over

The comparison of parliamentary political system in Sweden and semi-presidential political system in France and the results for Turkey.

3339 words - 13 pages compare and contrast these two countries for taking out lessons for Turkey because in Turkey there is the pure parliamentary system, like in Sweden, now and there are some discussions about passing through presidential system, like in France, for better stability in politics. By this comparison, it will be good for me to see the importance of presidential versus parliamentary political systems and how the transformation from one to the other

Why Did The Restored Bourbon Monarchy Fail In France (1815-30)

1922 words - 8 pages represented the return to financial solvency for the first time in a generation. It must be acknowledged that many of these improvements are difficult to quantify accurately, and were due in some extent a wider evolution in the European economy, while the intermittent depression that France suffered after 1826 reduced the pace of progress. On the whole however, the Bourbon monarchy can claim success in its economic performance.Similarly, the rich

Political and Diplomatic assessment of France

847 words - 3 pages existence of Constitutional Council, which supervises elections, passes on the constitutionality of organic laws, and must be consulted on the use of emergency powers. The legislative capacity of the once all-powerful National Assembly remains circumscribed. It can pass legislation in such fixed areas as civil rights and liberties, liability to taxation, the penal code, amnesty, declarations of war, electoral procedure, and the nationalization of

Similar Essays

Class Notes On Absolutism In France And England.

613 words - 2 pages citizens of France, almost the opposite of Eng.*Because of different political systems in France & England, acceptance of absolutism in France & its corresponding failure in England--England: Parliament had had so much power for so long, was unwilling to give it up--France: nothing comparable to Parliament existed to take power away from monarch.*In France, feudal lords fought against the King, while the public supported a strong head of

Absolutism And Parliamentary Rule In England

1045 words - 4 pages assert their rights and place limitations on the crown, whereas the crown felt the same regarding the parliament. Eventually in 1642, this erupted into a civil war between the two. Parliament abolished the monarchy and the Church of England. Charles II restored the monarchy but was still faced by the Protestants. It wasn’t until James, Duke of York in 1685, that there was somewhat of a tolerant nation of both (Craig, 2009). The Protestant

100 Years War, France And England

2174 words - 9 pages . Consequently, the nobles defected toFrance. As England continued to lose its control of the South-West, France's ability toallure the nobility away from England increased. 'In the past many had mocked thesovereignty of France. But in the political conditions of 1442-53 they were seldom able toresist the bribes, threats, and sanctions employed by a stronger and wealthier monarchy.'21 He who controls the Channel controls, controls the gold. Subsequently

England And France: The War Of A Hundred Years

1633 words - 7 pages of France and England. Unfortunately for him he died a mere two months before Charles, while he was still campaigning against the Dauphin, he left only an infant son and was in no shape to press the claim on the throne. Soon after Henry V's death a new leader came into the fray, Joan of Arc, the national heroine of France. Born in 1412 as the daughter of a farmer in Dormremy, France, she grew up feeling the influence of St. Michael, St