Abul Pakir Jainul Abideen Abdul Kalam

1915 words - 8 pages

Abul Pakir Jainul Abideen Abdul Kalam popularly known as Missile Man is the President of India. The nation knows him as a nuclear scientist and the father of India's successful missile programme.As a defense scientist he got Bharat Ratna for his great success in Agni, Prathvi, Akash, Trishul and Nag missiles research. Our nation is proud of him because he brought fame to nation in missile power and challenging researches.Dr. Kalam has the distinction of working with Indian scientists as Vikram Sarabhai and Santosh Dhawan from whom he got ideas and inspirations. The swearing-in ceremony at the Rashtrapati Bhawan was notable for the fusion of thoughts of the scientist and the head of the State, who called for a national movement to empower people to be "poverty free, healthy and literate."A.P.J. Kalam was born in 1931 at Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. He was the son of a little educated boat owner, named Jainulabedeen Ashiama. He always used to eat South Indian dish rice, sambhar and coconut chutney on banana leaf.He did his schooling in Ramanathapuram district, for college he moved out of the district and studied in St. Joseph's college in Triuchirapalli and did his diploma in Engineering from Indian Institute Technology, Chennai. He started his career with DRDO in 1958 and five year later went to ISRO where he became the Project Director of SLV.He led India's first satellite launch vehicle-'Rohini' which successfully lifted in 1980. With this he realised that SLV technology could have military applications in the form of missile. He then became Programme Director to launch Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.In his 14 year work span as Director of Defence Research and Development Laboratory, he developed up Prithvi, Agni, Trishul, Akash and Nag. He completed the long delayed 'Arjun' tank project and also pushed ahead with an indigenous air craft engine 'Kaveri'.He is credited with designing state-of-the art warfare systems. Besides, the concept of reusable missile and evolving an item made of carbon-composite which can bear a temperature of 3500C and can be used in missile are his other achievements.Before he became the President of India he received numerous awards including Padam Bhushan in 1981, Padam Vibhushan in 1990 and Bharat Ratan, the country's highest civilian award, in 1997.Dr. Kalam is confident that India can become self-reliant in Military Technology by year 2010. His ideas are no figment of imagination when we consider the following facts about him.(1) He is one of those few technologists who strive to find multiple uses for what they create. He developed light weight calipers for the polio-affected out of the carbon material developed for Agni missile.This material made the caliper one tenth of the original weight of four kilograms. It was a great experience to see how a composite material could be used to help the polio-affected.(2) He feels an urgent need for good leadership and Government funding in the scientific area,...

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