According to our textbook, Public Law 93-247 which is the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), came into effect on January 31, 1974. This law is regards to childhood maltreatment. The law implemented the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect. Central agencies needed to be created in each individual state. The central agencies had to have legal authority to investigate and be able to prosecute cases that involved abuse and neglect. The States also had to develop their own definitions, policies, procedures, and laws dealing with child abuse and neglect. With the amendment of 2003, states needed to include foster care, adoption, abandoned infants and family violence protection into their services.
Public Law 93-247 is supposed to guarantee a child’s safety when it comes to abuse and neglet. In cases where it is found out that a child has been abuse, the culprit must face the charges and the child in question must be protected of his rights and the details of the case must be confidential in his records. Public programs that are provided by the state must show results for the prevention, identification, and treatment of child abuse and neglect. The right kind of training materials on prevention, identify, and treating child abuse and neglect must be provided for professionals who are considering working with children.
When discipline is used correctly it can help guide somebody develop socially acceptable patterns of behavior. Discipline also teaches people about their mistakes, how to problem solve, and deal with their emotions in a correct way. Punishment is when the person who gives out the discipline, feels like the one being discipline has given a negative response to the discipline. Punishment can lead to harsh treatment.
Punishment does not teach children positive behaviors but it does teaches how to be angry and violent. It can even lead to children growing up becoming aggressive adults. So as a result punishment does not model the proper way to behave in society. Children also do not learn from their mistakes, they will repeat their mistakes over and over again. For example, if a child has thrown an object at his parent or hits a parent out of anger, the child would receive a spanking without receiving an explainnation of what he did wrong. Then child would not learn that it is wrong to throw things or hit at people. This would lead to the child repeating the behavior again.
With discipline is all about reinforcing positive behaviors. One example can be to give out praises when a positive social behavior has been shown and encourage to continue the behavior. As the previous example that I used, if the parents had explained that it is not appropriate to hit or throw things at people. Then the child would have learned that what he did was wrong and would likely learn not to do it again if he is given an acceptable consequence to his behavior. When disciplining a child they must receive a consequence that is...