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Abuse Of Power In George Orwell's 1984 And Under The Rule Of Mao Zedong

2023 words - 9 pages

Government systems are an essential role in maintaining a social environment, but enormous power from the elite can debilitate the majority population to a substandard way of living. Abuse of power is seen in George Orwell’s political fiction 1984 as well as in the Communist Party of China under chairman Mao Zedong. Both of these government systems use their superiority to control one’s way of living, whether it be a destiny of squalor or utter submissiveness. The main tactics shared between the Party and chairman Mao are their use of targeting children to fight for them, destruction of information that could lead society to an unwanted way of thinking, and forced unification of the ...view middle of the document...

One would be viewed as a lunatic if they had not participated in a Two Minutes Hate segment. Since Big Brother is always watching you, one has no choice but to conform to patriotism against their will. By enticing a community to either support them or die, The Party has an invisible hand constantly ready to choke someone who is out of place. The fear to act in a way deemed immoral by the Party's standards results in a population forced to abide by the government's rules. This tactic of unity by The Party is also enforced under Chairman Mao's regime.
Mao Zedong focused on the idea of common enemies and a conforming country to push the Chinese into a single-minded way of thinking. Mao believed, “The 'united front' strategy was designed to 'unite with all of those who can be united' in order to fight against the primary and most dangerous enemy" (Jian). In order for the people to believe in his power, Mao made sure that there were some enemies to root against, much like how Emmanuel Goldstein was scapegoated as the number one enemy of Oceania in 1984. Some of Mao's enemies included landlords and those who opposed communism, specifically the United States. Once every Chinese individual was connected to hating the same enemy and “uniting” as a people, it became much easier to continue forcing acts of control upon them.
The idea of grouping people into a collective front is seen through The Party's indoctrinations. Big Brother created “a nation of warriors and fanatics, marching forward in perfect unity, all thinking the same thoughts and shouting the same slogans, perpetually working, fighting, triumphing, persecuting” (Orwell 64). It is easier to pull the strings when everyone is in a tighter herd. Through unquestionable ideas presented by The Party, everyone in Oceania is forced to believe the same way because there is no other way of thinking that is presented to them. If they try to think differently, they will get persecuted and vaporized, thus ensuring The Party always wins.
Mao forced people into joining the Korean War because they would be persecuted if they joined the enemy. By giving their faith to Mao's belief, they found unity and strength, and an understanding of the nature, strategy, and tactics of the revolution ("Mao Zedong, Chairman of China.”). The unification of a people forced everyone to believe in the same thoughts that are presented to them, making it almost trivial for the government to gradually spread their desired ideas. By making the community believe in an idea, they become objects that absorb information thrown at them. This “unification” is a means of brain control by the government to make the population believe that they are together as a people, when in reality they are just following ideas that are presented to them.
By limiting the public information, it becomes increasingly difficult to have your opinions on a matter, resulting in a universal way of thinking among the people. Falsifying and destroying...

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