Educational Course Design Essay

3145 words - 13 pages

Educational Course Design

In contemporary psychology, the behavioural perspective known as
behaviour analysis emphasises careful measurement of overt observed
behaviour, along with an appreciation of the role of environment just
before and just after the response. Prediction and control of
behaviour are of vital interest to mankind, and behaviour analysis
offers the tools to accomplish this. Behaviour analysis maintains the
primary emphasis on observable behaviour and its relation to
environmental events. This is expressed particularly through the
principle of reinforcement, the idea that patterns of emitted
behaviour can be selected by their consequences (Grant and Evans,
1994).

It is impossible to study behaviour either in or outside the
laboratory without encountering a schedule of reinforcement: whenever
behaviour is maintained by a reinforcing stimulus, some schedule is in
effect and is exerting its characteristic influences. Only when there
is a clear understanding of how schedules operate will it be possible
to understand the effects of reinforcing stimuli on behaviour.
(Zeiler, 1979)

Most educational institutions use one of two general forms of testing
schedules, predictable or unpredictable. In an unpredictable schedule,
variable inter-test intervals occur where no anticipation can be made
of when they will happen - pop quizzes are the most common form of
this schedule (Chance, 1999). Predictable schedules can be fixed ratio
or fixed interval in nature.

Fixed interval schedules reinforce behaviour on the basis of time.
Specifically, reinforcement delivery follows the first occurrence of a
designated response after a fixed interval of time has elapsed since
the previous reinforcement delivery; responses occurring during the
interval itself have no programmed consequence. These reinforcement
contingencies typically generate a highly characteristic "scalloped"
pattern of responding marked by periods of little or no responding
early in the interval, which is followed by a gradually increasing
rate of responding as the opportunity for reinforcement delivery
approaches (Ferster and Skinner, 1957). The wide range of species
across which this response pattern is observed attests to the
generality of the underlying behavioural processes (Kelleher and
Morse, 1968). Ferster (1968) studied the cumulative records of
students who were taking oral exams and who were allowed to work on
the course materials at their own pace. Scalloped response patterns
were presented by four of the subjects where interviews became more
frequent as the temporal proximity to the end of the course decreased.

Cumulative records of individual behaviour are investigative
techniques that are based on visual (geometric) techniques of showing
changes in the strength or frequency of some specified...

Find Another Essay On Educational Course Design

Intelligent Design Should be Taught in School as a Science

1587 words - 7 pages a complete high school course for intelligent design. The only visible reason why the vote did not pass was the bias population of members of the NSTA not wanting any theory being taught that goes against evolution and the big bang theory. “When the members were asked about whether the vote was bias, they instantly said no, and blamed intelligent design of being too boring”(Maskovich2). Too boring? Have they not been into a biology class before

Research Project on Business Economics Curriculum

2348 words - 9 pages with the problem of correctly knowing how to use assessment tools or how to design assessment criteria to evaluate the way students fair in the course of curriculum implementation (Tienken & Wilson 2). More importantly, there is an inherent danger that different instructors use different assessment criteria within their locality; such that, the evaluation criterion used by instructors within a given educational setting differs from another. This

Implicit Curriculum Theory

1050 words - 4 pages skills. This style of curriculum stems from early theorists such as Robert Gagne and Gilbert Ryle. Ryle’s approach to this problem-based learning originates from the late 1940’s. “Knowing how to sew, write a persuasive essay, and solve quadratic equations are all examples of Ryle’s know-hows” (Posner, 2004, p. 80). In the article, Designing and Implementing a PBL Course on Educational Digital Video Production: Lessons Learned from a Design

Distance Education

1550 words - 6 pages help in designing programs that better meet the needs of distance education learners (p. 44). Transactional distance is the concept of distance as determined by the amount of dialogue between learner and instructor and the amount of structure which exists in the design of the course (Moore, 1990, p. 11). A transaction with little distance would have a greater student-teacher interaction and less structure. Greater transactional distance would

Designing an ESP Course for Metallurgists

1981 words - 8 pages philosophical beliefs. If the subject-centered design is chosen, it is considered that the content learned from the different subject areas will be useful in the workplace. If the instructor is aimed at learner-centered design, then the priorities are given to learners’ interests and needs which will give students an opportunity to reveal their potential to work effectively during the course. In case of problem-centered design, it is supposed that

Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Educational Research

2637 words - 11 pages The planning that occurs behind educational research is an intricate process thus in addition to establishing a research problem and purpose and reviewing literature, inquirers must determine the best experimental design that fits their needs. Even though experiments may share characteristics, “their use and application vary depending on the type of design used” (Creswell, 2008, p. 310). Therefore understanding the types of experimental

Redefining Distance Learning For The Future:

984 words - 4 pages Redefining Distance Learning For The Future:Distance learning has an extensive history and has been utilized throughout many countries over the past 160 years, but only during the last decade has it started to really gain acceptance and popularity. Since its inception, distance learning has evolved from correspondence courses, to educational radio, one and two-way teleconferencing, educational television, video conferencing, and today, distance

School Should Meet Students Needs Better

2535 words - 10 pages implemented for success in the classroom entails the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) policies is a course on test preparation concerning the Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) and Iowa Tests of Educational Development (ITED). This course involves different types of test preparation activities. 2 These activities

Planning ahead

1425 words - 6 pages ahead is applying for a college and thinking of the course or diploma I will apply for. The college that I already applied for is Fanshawe College, and my plan "B" college that I applied for is George Brown Toronto's college. The Courses that I am interested in is "Multi Media Design and production", and my plan "B "course that I chose is "Game Design" in George Brown Toronto's college.Firstly, I applied for Fanshawe Collage and chose the "Multi

Project Reflection

2073 words - 8 pages corset would be taken into used in all of the three design ranges, and become one of the unique selling point of the design works. 7.4 Reflection on the MA experience First of all, MA Design Innovation gave me a precise chance to learn new and advanced knowledge and studying skills in a high level educational environment. After one year’s MA study, I mastered the skill and experience on how to handle a design project, especially a long-term

Planning to End Ableism through Universal Design for Learning

2206 words - 9 pages Journal of Special Education Technology, 24(2), 46–47. Flores, M. M. (2008). Universal design in elementary and middle school: Designing classrooms and instructional practices to ensure access to learning for all students. Childhood Education, 84(4), 224–229. Fullan, M., Hill, P. W., & Crévola, C. (2006). Breakthrough. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. Hehir, T. (2002). Eliminatng Ableism in Education. Harvard Educational Review, 72(1), 1-33. Hehir

Similar Essays

Definition Of The Field Essay

962 words - 4 pages of valuable materials, and costs of ownership and maintenance (Reiser & Dempsey, 2012). An important component to the instructional design movement was the merger of three organizations, in 1932, that formed the Department of Visual Instruction (DVI), which would eventually evolve into the Association of Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), a respected organization in IDT field today (Saettler, 1990). The role of using audio

Graphic Design: Formal Vs. Informal Education

2267 words - 9 pages of the design and creative process. (van Dooren 61) Students in formal educational setting often focus more on the requirements of the assignment and doing what the professor asks of them. In addition to having to meet course deadlines, this leaves little room for real experimentation. In previous years, when design was a more hands on profession, on the job training was sufficient for many entry-level positions, and skills were acquired through

Faculty Preparation Course Orientation Program Reflection

1648 words - 7 pages , classify learning objectives using Bloom's taxonomy for content validity (cognitive level), distinguish between higher and lower thinking objectives, write learning objectives according to criteria specified, develop criteria for an effective course outline, reflect on their current approach to writing learning objectives, judge the quality of a list of learning objectives, list the concepts of educational needs, share my peers to determine the

Relationship Between Curriculum And Self Efficacy Essay

2086 words - 9 pages 1.Introduction 1.1 Statement of the Problem The intention of this study is to investigate the relationship between the curriculum of the Design and Development of Educational Games (CET-301) course which is given by Yeditepe University and teacher candidates’ self-efficacy regarding the developing educational software. In Today, computers and other electronic tools has become a crucial part of education with the contribution of huge