Technology is becoming more and more predominant in society. The concept of technology is a reality that has pervaded not only our everyday lives but our mere state of existence. Technology has affected every aspect of society. There is no doubt that technology holds great potential for improving the way that people learn and ready or not, technology is affecting education.
Ever since the integration of educational technology there has been a dramatic shift in most of the paradigms on which traditional learning exists. The concept of incorporating technology with education is one that has gained widespread attention. Effective use of educational technology is critical to solving numerous educational challenges. Educational technology can help us meet the needs of a diverse learner population and better prepare our students for lifelong learning.
Theories of Learning
Theories of learning have a great influence on teaching and learning within our schools. They affect learning outcomes, classroom management practices, and the role of the educator. Theories of learning are tremendously significant they frame the learner’s classroom experience; they guide the teacher in establishing classroom interactions, technology applications, and classroom activities.
Cognitive Learning Theory
According to the cognitive learning theory, learning is viewed as making symbolic, mental constructions involving active mental processing on the part of the learner. The cognitive learning theory has always focused on how students process information and the implementation of the best educational strategies educators can use to promote student understanding of material.
Constructivist Learning Theory
The constructivist learning theory is a doctrine stating that learning takes place in contexts and that learner’s form or construct much of what they learn and understand as a function of their experiences in situations (Schunk, 2000). Constructivist teaching empowers students in a way that allows them to construct their own knowledge rather than reproduce someone else’s. Constructivism allows students to build rather than receive knowledge. Constructivist learning focuses on real problems, creative solutions, transfer, and problem solving. Educators function as guides or facilitators that assist students as they generate solutions and explore in complex and rich environments. Constructivism as a theory will be forced into play within our school by emerging technologies.
Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Learning
Jean Piaget is renowned for constructing a highly influential model of child development and learning. Piaget’s cognitive learning theory is based on the idea that the developing child builds cognitive structures for understanding and responding to physical experiences within his or her environment. Piaget further demonstrated that a child’s cognitive structure increases in sophistication with development, moving...