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Acceptance And Commitment Therapy Essay

1218 words - 5 pages

Researchers such as Hayes and Strosahl (2005) defines acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) as an empirically based intervention technique from the cognitive behavior model of psychotherapy that employs mindfulness and acceptance methods mixed in various ways. Grounded within the practical concept of functional contextualism and based on the comprehensive idea of language and cognition, ACT is different from the normal or traditional cognitive behavioral therapy. The differences are manifested in the paradigm of instead of teaching people to control their emotions, ACT teaches them to acknowledge, accept and embrace the emotions and or feelings (Hayes, Louma, Bond, Masuda, & Lillis, 2006). Primarily, western traditions functions under the assumption of “healthy normality” which believes that humans are naturally psychologically healthy; however ACT contends that the “so-called” normal human mind is volatile and destructive. The nucleus concept of ACT is that psychological based suffering is caused by experimental averting, cognitive mess, and psychological inflexibility that lead to malfunctions in taking necessary behavioral steps in agreement with core values (Hayes et al, 2006).
There are six core values in ACT model and they are used with the overall objective of improving and increasing psychological flexibility which is the ability to contact the here and now completely as an entirely complete person and to adapt and persist in behavior until the targeted outcome is obtained (Hayes, et al, 2006). The first value is acceptance which involves actively and knowingly embracing the personal and or private occurrences in an individuals’ past without trying to alter them. The next value is cognitive defusion is necessary to help an individual change the way he/she interrelates with thought by developing contexts in which less useful functions are eradicated. After the cognitive defusion presence is the next step which promotes a continuous non-judgmental interaction with psychological event as they happen. The primary objective for this step is to have the individual experience the world more honestly in order to ensure the behavior is less rigid. The next value is self as context and when used correctly, the human language will lead to a sense of self as a perspective and it will provide a inspirational spiritual side to normal verbal humans this allows the individual to be aware of the past occurrence without attachment to them. At this point in the process, a person needs to add values. Values are chosen characteristics of purposeful nature which are instantiated moment by moment. Under the ACT guidelines there are a variety of ways to accomplish new directions either in family, career, or faith. The last core value is committed action which encourages the creation of bigger and bigger patterns of effective action connected with chosen values (Hayes & Strosahl, 2005). These core values are overlapping and...

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