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Access, Equity And Equality In Sport And Physical Activity: Peter Figueroa

1589 words - 6 pages

Volleyball is a game which consists of teams of six which rally a ball over a net. Although anyone can play volleyball, sociologists have used a tool which displays how an individual decides to participate by exploring socio-cultural factors that can influence equity and access within sport. This tool is known as Figueroa’s Framework which was constructed by Peter Figueroa. “Figueroa developed a tool to investigate the issues surrounding access, equity and equality in sport and physical activity.” ( This framework consists of five levels they are Cultural, Structural, Institutional, Interpersonal and Individual; each level contributes to one another. Equity derived from the word equality looks at the equal opportunity/chance for everyone within any sport, whereas access focuses on the accessibility to equipment, a court, coaches etc. Both these elements have major impacts on whether the individual can easily participate and feel welcome in the sport. Figueroa’s Framework will be used to observe the Individual and Interpersonal level to self-evaluate my own participation and success in the sport Volleyball. These two levels will be discussed to demonstrate how the sport volleyball can be selected and what impact and effects are taken into consideration of this process and how they respond and develop. Problems in the equity of the sport will be looked and ideas will be discussed which could increase equity in the sport.
There are five key factors which the first level of Figueroa’s Framework (Individual Level) can be further broken down. These are: body image and self concept, genetics, somatotype, talent and attitudes. These can be interlinked with Maslow’s needs hierarchy which looks at “a motivational theory in psychology that argues that while people aim to meet basic needs, they seek to meet successfully higher needs in the form of a pyramid” ( Body Image is “an intellectual or idealized image of what one's body is or should be like” (, whereas self-concept is “the idea or mental image one has of oneself and one's strengths, weaknesses, status, etc.; self-image” ( The two are very similar and share the same point of one’s personal reflection of themselves therefore creating a strong bond. Somatotype is an “inherited body type based on skeletal frame and body composition” ( These 3 compositions are endomorph, ectomorph and mesomorph, but people may not fall perfectly into one category. Talent is the natural talent and skills you already have for the sport. For example in volleyball an individual may have a natural talent for spiking the ball. Attitude looks at an individual’s thoughts, beliefs and feelings towards a sport. These individual aspects will now be explored in more detail.
Now that each factor has been discussed in detail they will now be used to self-evaluate my participation and performance in volleyball. I have an...

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