This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Account For The Distress In Merthyr At The Beginning Of The 19th Century And Discuss The Significance Of The Merthyr Rising.

8775 words - 35 pages

Account for the distress in Merthyr at the beginning of the 19th century and discuss the significance of the Merthyr rising.Merthyr in the beginning of the 19th century was becoming the first largest Industrial town in Wales, however with the rapid growth of this town many problems arose to cause distress to the people. The farmers were no longer able to make a living from the land due to enclosures, poor harvests and other restrictions. Merthyr was rapidly increasing in population but with this came poor working and living conditions. The discontent of the people was a combination of many things, which will be accounted for in the essay. The significance of the Merthyr Rising has been greatly argued by many Historians and I will be discussing the view of Gwyn Williams Williams.Agriculture was experiencing a crisis at the end of 18th century and the Enclosure acts resulted in many Welsh farmers having to sell their land. They could not afford the enclosure costs, some rented land and others moved to find work. In Pembrokeshire and Carmarthenshire, during 1820, farmers attacked the Enclosure Act and it was withdrawn. All farmers had to overcome poor harvests, which were the result of increasing wet summers and in 1818 there was gales and flooding in Towy Valley. The Vale of Glamorgan farmers dismissed their labourers to save on money but the consequence of this was, farms were being neglected and the land was not fertilized. In Glamorgan 21,000 acres of Arable land was turn to waste. Many Farmers became desperate so they sold their animals and food became scarce. This lead to food riots, in Carmarthen a ship was attacked to prevent leaving with a cargo of cheese. To regain order the merchants had to disposed of the cheese locally. Welsh farmers that rented their land were tenants of absentee English gentry. The landowners would employ English or Scottish agents to collect the rent and to get new tenants. Most of the tenancies were changing to yearly contracts, this allowed the landowners to increase the rent annually. This created insecurity and discouraged improvements of the farms, which in turn led to a reduction in food production and greater poverty. Farmers were no better off then their labourers, they had the daily struggle with the depression, weather, poverty and they no longer had secure land to farm.As Merthyr grew into the largest industrial town in Wales, it soon became overpopulated with 30,000, which bought many social problems. Some of the increased population in Merthyr was natural, with more people being born then were dying. However, the main reason for a large increase in population was from people moving to find work in the new industries, as they could no longer earn from the land. Many of the workers were attracted to the new industries for they were using natural resources and appeared to be stable work. Most workers came from Wales but there was significant number of workers migrating from England and Ireland. In Merthyr...

Find Another Essay On Account for the distress in Merthyr at the beginning of the 19th century and discuss the significance of the Merthyr rising.

Economic Theories of the 19th and Beginning of the 20th Century

2831 words - 12 pages demand for it and the supply. What this theory states is that if price goes up, either the demand for the product goes up or the supply goes down. The reverse of this is also stated as true in this theory, if price goes down, demand goes down or supply goes up. This can also be used to gauge the demand of a product. Supply and demand is meant to hold true in a completely free market - a market that has no government influence. Adam Smith also was a

The Common Foreign And Security Policy Of The EU At The Beginning Of The 21st Century

964 words - 4 pages Foreign Affairs policy? Actually, from October 1970 the Member States cooperated and endeavoured to consult each other on major international policy problems. However, this was at intergovernmental level in the context of "European political cooperation". I think, the main reason for this appears to be in the very "nature" of this type of policies.According to the modern theories of international relations the three basic attributes that every state

The Status and Position of European Jews at the Beginning of the 20th Century

1586 words - 6 pages The Status and Position of European Jews at the Beginning of the 20th Century A Jew is a person belonging to the religion of the Jewish faith. At the beginning of the 20th century many Jews occupied land in Europe. The Jews had many different positions and status's depending on which country they were living in, in some places Jews were welcomed as part of the community but in other places there were always those who were

The World at the Beginning of the 20th Century - Imperialism, Capitalism and Socialism. 23/25

1816 words - 7 pages The world at the beginning of the twentieth century was characterised by tension between tradition and transformation. New ideas about social order were arising that challenged what people had previously believed in and used. Imperialism bought about major conflicts during the early part of the century, and the dominant and accepted values of capitalism were being pushed out of the way for the development of new socialist

What was life like in Australia at the beginning of the 20th century?

1482 words - 6 pages sugarcane fields of Queensland.To conclude, Australia was a very different society at the beginning of the 20th century. There are many variations in our community now in comparison to the start of the 20th century. The working conditions have improved tremendously as now there is also a basic wage set to make sure workers are paid appropriately. Health and hygiene has also improved due to better medical knowledge and technology and electricity are used for a variety of purposes which consequently has improved the standards of living for most people.

Railroads and Their Rising Impact on the 19th Century American Society

2436 words - 10 pages steam engine. During the beginning stages of the nineteenth century, railroads only played a minor role in America’s transportation systems. At this time, the more common sources of transporation pertained to turnpike road networks, and canal and waterwat networks which were built depending on the terrain and structure of the land. But the railway network that was created in the preceding years and allowed better efficiency in accordance to time

19th Century England as Depicted in North and South, The Outcast and A Living Wage for Factory Girls at Crewe

1372 words - 5 pages painting The Outcast (1851) and Ada Nield Chew’s letter A living Wage for Factory Girls at Crewe (1894) critique the dominant attitudes of society, emphasising the importance of the individual to seek autonomy for social progression to occur as well as self satisfaction. Elizabeth Gaskell reflects the dominant philosophical ideology of patriarchy and gender dominance in Victorian society through her Bildungsroman novel North and South (1855

'Whenever we look at texts from the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century what we see is masculinity in crisis'("portrait of the artist as a young man" James Joyce)

1625 words - 7 pages Masculinity and the male finding his place in society or the world play an important role in literature of this period. In A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man we are confronted with a depiction of masculinity at its worst. Through the character of Stephen Dedalus, confused and unsure of where he fits in to his society, we are presented with an often uncomfortable journey of discovery and self realisation.Stephen's life works through many

Essay on tort law history, in particular looking at the British and Australian tort law development through the 19th century

1396 words - 6 pages Prior to the industrialization of America and England in the early 19th century tort law had a limited scope primarily due to a lack of diversity and lack of quantity in tort cases. However with large factories and railroads grew a complex relationship between employee, employer and consumer. Due to this it was necessary for the legal system to re examine lines of reasoning. Despite academics such as Friedman suggesting that the law became a

Dutch art of the seventeenth century shows a preoccupation with domestic life and material objects. Focusing on two or three relevant paintings, discuss the significance of this preoccupation

1413 words - 6 pages Dutch art of the seventeenth century shows a preoccupation with domestic life and material objects. Focusing on two or three relevant paintings, discuss the significance of this preoccupation.The still life paintings by Willem Kalf's 'Drinking Horn' and Abraham Van Berem's 'Banquet Still Life' paintings were produced during the enlightenment period of the 17th century, a Dutch Golden Age, in which the Dutch Republic was leading up to and

Impact of Feminism It's about the meaning of feminism and the feminist movement around the 19th century. There is a works cited as well as notes at the end of the essay

5212 words - 21 pages argument. Wollstonecraft believed that both sexes contributed to this situation and took it for granted that women had considerable power over men.Feminism is generally said to have begun in the 19th century as people increasingly adopted the perception that women are oppressed in a male-centered society (see patriarchy). The feminist movement is rooted in the West and especially in the reform movement of the 19th century. The organised movement

Similar Essays

'risings Which Occurred Because Of Economic Hardships; Politics Had Nothing To Do With The Matter' The Merthyr Rising Of 1831 And The Newport Rising Of 1839

2077 words - 8 pages . The seizing of this property by the merchants, against small debts, led to widespread discontent amongst the local population and was one of the factors for the start of the actions in Merthyr.The rising at Merthyr ultimately failed due to the fact that this had not been a highly organised event and it did not have a strong leadership, just a mass of numbers against an initially weak force. Although the rebels held the town for 4 days, it was

What Does This Source Tell Us About The Nature Of The Iron Industry In Merthyr At This Time? (Sorry Source Unavailable In Electronic Form)

992 words - 4 pages due to the fact that in the mid eighteenth century the majority of the local landlords thought that a major industry would not develop in such an isolated place and so land was rented for very low annual amounts on very long leaseholds.An example of this states "In 1748, Viscount Windsor [Who had inherited the Welsh estates of the Earls of Pembroke] granted a 99 year lease of the minerals of the common of the lordship of Senghennydd Uwch Caech to a group of industrialists at the rent of £26 a year".Ultimately, the owners of these works became very rich men. "Cyfarthfa was so successful that Crawshay on his death was one of Britain's first millionaires".

The Involvement That The Brothers Grimm Had In Developing The German Nationalism And Social Culture At The Beginning Of The 19th Century

1139 words - 5 pages and Wilhelm's stories influenced women's behaviour as well with stories of beautiful girls who behave and are rewarded with a happy ending. By Gathering all of these tales from across the land, the Brothers Grimm Influenced the behaviour and the nationalistic ideals at the beginning of the nineteenth century. Before going into what they influenced, it will be easier to see what motivated the Brothers Grimm to write all of these tales. Jacob

The Significance Of The 19th Century Punch Magazine

766 words - 3 pages literary life in the decades to follow.Mark Lemon's introduction to the very first issue was The Moral of The Punch, in which he clearly stated what Punch's future attitude would be. He quoted Byron:And laugh at all things, for we wish to know, what, after all, are all things but a show!This was what Punch became famous for, its name stood for a good laugh. The plan was to combine humour and political comment. They had some respect for crowns or