This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Account For The Victory Of The Greeks In The Persian Invasions Of 490 B.C 480 B.C

2163 words - 9 pages

Between the years of 490B.C to 480B.C, a series of events occurred, mainly wars, which saw dramatic changes in Athens, and soon became the supreme military state of Greece. They achieved this status by outnumbering the power and resources of the Persian Empire, in a number of successful victories, and driving the Persians out of Ionia and other Greek states which had become medised over the wars. There were a number of factors which contributed to the victory of the Greeks in the Persian invasions, which included their various strategies of geographical knowledge, superior leadership, unity, fighting techniques and even luck.The Greek use of geographical knowledge was a valuable factor, which greatly contributed to their victory. In the battles of the Persian invasions, the Greeks to their advantage, with the exception of the Battle of Plataea, chose all battle areas. Confined passes and valleys, and narrow straits were their chosen positions of attack. They used this to their advantage, by strategically choosing areas in which the Persian army's enormous numbers wouldn't be effective, where the land or space was narrow, where the Persians could be 'bottlenecked'. The Battle of Marathon is a successful battle in which this technique was used. The Greeks had chosen this area as a suitable area for battle, as it was on heights commanding both roads to Athens, covering both coast road and the hills to the rear. After the Greek victory at Marathon, the Greeks were able cut down the Persians after fleeing, by securing the land making it hard to escape by using their knowledge of the land. The Persians were confined between the sea and the hills, with the only chances to escape by fleeing to the north, where they were cut down in the area between the sea and the marsh, or to flee to ships, which were standing offshore.Again, the use of Greek knowledge of the landscape was used in the Battle of Thermopylae, taking up a position near the ancient Phocian wall, which they had rebuilt. They also chose this position, as it was a narrow passage which they could advance and retire, which meant that when the Persians arrived, their large numbers would be less effective. Due to this strategic positioning, it also meant that the Persians were unable to use their cavalry. Although Greek knowledge of the area was an advantage, it also became a disadvantage when they were betrayed by one of the locals, who informed Xerxes of the only detour, which could reach the Greeks, a mountain path. Although the Greeks already had a force positioned to fight, it allowed the Persians to move on quickly. At the same time, the Battle of Artemisium was taking place, a naval battle off the coast of Artemisium. This location for a battle was ideal, as it covered the entrance to the channel between Euboea and the mainland, as well as a sheltered line of retreat and communication. Being narrow waters, this also was an advantage to the Greeks, as they would restrict the larger Persian...

Find Another Essay On Account for the victory of the Greeks in the Persian invasions of 490B.C - 480B.C

The Cost of Victory Essay

2321 words - 10 pages barely touched the corners of his lips, but for the first time in a long, long time, it was genuine. It was real. ‘For what it’s worth,’ said Jounouchi, ‘it really was nice working with you.’ He held out his hand and Kaito took it, shaking it firmly; after this, there would no longer be time for talk until the war was over and their battles had been won. And, there would no longer be time to talk, ever again, if victory wasn’t theirs. Kaito sat

The Uprise of Victory Essay

1345 words - 6 pages in genocide that was aimed at their kind of people. when the Nazis first came into their town they most likely did not expect them to force the people of the town into camps they probably thought they were there to protect them at first. The Warsaw ghetto started in 1939. The Nazis started building the walls for the ghetto in 1940 and that's when Germany closed Warsaw from the outside world. The wall was three meters high, and was topped with

Account for the collapse of the Chinese empire in 1911?

1319 words - 6 pages such as Yuan, tang him all ended up in wars, economic problems, invasions and many other problems. Before the Qing Empire, the Ming Empire lasted about 270 years and then collapsed mainly from within as rival groups carved up sections of the empire for themselves and fought for supremacy. It began to the fall 276 years old mind dynasty in 1644 and ended in 1911 though it was attempted to be restored to no avail in 1917. The end of Qing dynasty is

Golden Age of the Greeks

2365 words - 9 pages good side of the gods was to exercise, to eat right, and to oil your skin, to create a beautiful body that the gods would love. The Greeks had a tendency to turn everything into a competition; this also meant that there were a lot of athletic competitions in Greece. The most famous of these is the Olympic Games. Young men, from richer families who didn't have to work, in most Greek cities spent a lot of their time training for these competitions

Comparison of the Invasions of Grenada and Mogadishu

790 words - 4 pages Comparison of the invasions of Grenada and Mogadishu The USA has been involved with wars and conflicts since the beginning of its history. Many of these conflicts and wars range from big to small. Two main invasions during the 20th century were the invasions of Grenada in 1983 and Mogadishu, Somalia in 1991. These two invasions had many events that could be deemed successes or failures, but were similar due to the fact that they protected the

Barbarian Invasions and the Influx of Non-Romans

732 words - 3 pages – 275AD) crushed Palmyra after two wars and brought Queen Zenobia in chains to Rome. Shortly after, the Persian Empire encroached on Rome’s eastern provinces and a victory was celebrated. There are numerous reasons why a mass amount of people started to migrate into the Roman territory, but it wasn’t until the Huns, under the rule of Attila the Hun (434-453A.D.), put pressure on the “barbarians” and may have stimulated the Great Migration, a

The Reasons for the Liberal Election Victory of 1906

1763 words - 7 pages The Reasons for the Liberal Election Victory of 1906 The Liberal election victory of 1906 was due to key issues that the Liberals manipulated to their favour whereas the exhausted Conservatives barely defended their actions. This election victory was on the back of Unionist dominance that had spanned a decade driven by three key issues: "the crown, the church and the constitution." After the Second Boer War in South

Crucial Battles of the Persian Wars

2004 words - 8 pages . He told a servant to repeat the words "remember the Athenians" three times a day. With the revolt now widespread throughout Ionia, many cities gained freedom from Persia. The revolt ended in the siege of Miletus in 494. The Persian Fleet of around 600 ships had blockaded the city. The Greek fleet only had around half the number of ships as the Persians, and the ensuing battle had disastrous results for the Greeks. With Lesbos and Samos medising

The Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks

1297 words - 6 pages In Robert Garland’s Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks, he provides information about different time periods in Greek history from the Mycenaean Period, all the way to the Hellenistic Period. This time lasted from 1600BC all the way to 31BC. Garland attempts to inform the reader about the different lifestyles of people in each time period based on their socioeconomic status. He tells about the daily lives of children, average adults, slaves

The Roles of the Ho Chi Minh Trail for the Victory of the North in the Vietnam War

991 words - 4 pages materials that include food, weapons, and munitions were brought into South Vietnam during the trails first month in operation in 1965 (Nofi 34). Towards the end of the war, it would only take 6 weeks for troops to get into the South by the Ho Chi Minh Trail. The trail was also key for supporting the large scale 1975 Spring Offensive, which forced the surrender of the South Vietnamese government, putting an end to the Vietnam War. The

Role of the Sino-Japanese War for Communist Victory in Chinese Civil War

2036 words - 8 pages A. IntroductionIn my Essay I will be focusing on the Role of the Sino-Japanese War against other factors for Communist victory in Chinese Civil War. My objectives are to examine the strengths and weaknesses of the Communist and Nationalists respectively during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1941) and analyse how this in turn contributed to Communist victory. Upon which I will elaborate on the other factors that contributed to Communist success in

Similar Essays

Assess The Contribution Of Athens To The Greek Victory In The Persian Wars

2029 words - 8 pages impossible for the Greeks to win as they were greatly outnumbered and disbelieving the superiority of the Greek troops. Unfortunately there are several inconsistencies between Plutarch and Herodotus' accounts, where Plutarch maintains that Themistocles warning to Xerxes was a ruse, Herodotus believes that Themistocles was sincere in his letter and had Persian sympathies which may be true considering he eventually defected to the Persians. So it is

The Importance Of Family For Ancient Greeks

966 words - 4 pages Family is extremely important to Greeks and is based on social structure (Greece - Cultural Studies). The ancient Greeks believed in many gods and each of the gods signified a certain characteristic in life. Zeus being the main God (Galens and Spampinato). Greek families are very loving and caring for each other. Although, once one member of the family does something dishonorable it puts the whole family to shame. “Greece has the highest

The Feelings Of Greeks Essay

897 words - 4 pages , lines 69). However, he also feels a kind of hopefulness in the fact that he might still be able to do something noble before he dies. This is the support for his need to take on another adventure to faraway lands. This sense of hopefulness about his remaining time on this Earth is the driving force for his purpose, as previously stated. R.H. Horne supports this statement by elaborating, “Of the ‘Ulysses’ we would say that the mild dignity and

Why The Greeks Won The Greco Persian War

1576 words - 6 pages working in unison and they were dependent upon each other for victory. The Persian naval forces were there in order to protect the flank of the army's advance. If the Persian navy were not present then the Greeks would have been able to get on ships and sail to a spot behind the Persian lines and outflank them. They also delivered supplies to the armies that were necessary for its survival. The deathblow was dealt at the Battle of Salamis. It