Account For The Conditions That Led To The Development Of The Greek Poleis During The Archaic Period.

1051 words - 4 pages

Account for the conditions that led to the development of the Greek Poleis during the Archaic period.!!! Throughout Ancient Greece there were many different conditions that led to the development of the Greek Poleis during the Archaic period however the three most significant conditions were the Geography, the structure and the Greek Foreign Policies. !! Firstly there were several different geographic factors that led to the development of Greek Poleis and in particular, their independence. Greece's landscape is extremely mountainous with more than 80% of Greece being mountainous terrain. This made travelling from one place to the other very difficult in Greece as the mountainous terrain made it very slow and hard travelling. This led to the isolation of all the Poleis as since it was so hard to travel from one place to the other the Poleis remained very isolated and changed and formed without the influence of the other city states. It also meant that a lot of the Poleis were built into the side of mountains not only because there weren't many other places to build a city but also because it was a natural defence. Since 80% of Greece is mountainous this meant there was not very much land for growing crops which meant that generally the population of Poleis lived close together in the 'urban' part of the city. The mountainous terrain also led to each Poleis having to use the sea as a form of trading and collecting enough food and equipment to live by. This also led to Poleis being built near the sea so they could easily build a fleet of ships for trading, fishing and protection. Since ever Poleis was isolated this meant that there was hardly any nationalism between the city states and each city state believed and fought for only its Poleis which can be seen by how they called themselves with men from athens being athenian and men from sparta being spartan. The Geography of Greece was an enormous factor in the development of Greek Poleis in the Archaic period and it also had an impact on the way they were structured. !! The structure of each greek Poleis generally followed a similar outline however each Poleis had been isolated by the Geography of Greece and so they all had their own differences that led to the development of Poleis. The ideal population of a Polis was to have around 5,000 citizens and for it to a real community, so everyone knew everyone by name. However there were some abnormal states such as Sparta, Athens, Syracuse and Acragus who had a population of more than 20,000 citizens. Each Poleis worshipped a different God and this made a huge difference to each Poleis, for example Athens supported athena, Sparta supported Apollo. All these made different Poleis have different beliefs and ideals. Each Greek Poleis would generally have an assembly place, market, temple, acropolis, Gymnasium and some farming land. These were all extremely important buildings which helped each Poleis practice its Ideals. One of the most significant...

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