This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Accounts Of Eros In The Plato's "Symposium"

1797 words - 7 pages

The word love carries with it many, many different interpretations. In modern day, our views on what is appropriate love is much different from the views from the time of Socrates and Plato. To them love was eros, a direct translation of the word love.However, the word itself wasn't the only thing that was different about love. In Plato's 'Symposium', there is a celebration for Agathon. He had just won a dramatic contest in Athens, Greece two nights ago. It is customary to drink much wine at these gatherings, however, every one present is too weak from the night before. (Nehamas & Woodruff, pg. xiii) So a proposition is made, by Phaedrus, to properly give praise to the god Eros, and speak on the topic of love. It was their opinion that no poet has yet been able to properly do so. (Nehamas & Woodruff, pg. 7) There were a total of seven accounts given in praise of eros, by seven different people who are present at the party. Of these accounts, the one that made the most sense was the speech of Socrates when he quotes Diotima. This account is practical, and shows love not as a heavenly creature, but as a mortal being, where we can interact with him. It also has answers that most of the other accounts could not even question. This is what stands the speech of Socrates and Diotima apart from most of the others. But, there were two other speeches that were also impressive and brought about points that Socrates did not make. These accounts were given by Aristophanes and Agathon. Through these three speeches, we can get a good picture of what eros is. Starting with the most complete account: Socrates and Diotima; and moving through Aristophanes and then Agathon, this paper will show why these accounts are superior, and why Socrates' makes the most sense.After Agathon's speech, it was Socrates' turn to present his account of eros. But before he does, he tells Agathon that his speech was marvelous and that at one time, Socrates also believed in what Agathon believed. That was until a women named Diotima taught him the real truth in eros. It is however, believed, that Socrates made up the character of Diotima, the reason, though, is unknown. In spite of this, Socrates gives a remarkable speech that is truly complete. One of the first misconceptions among all the speakers was the age of the god Love. Many believed him to the oldest of the gods, thus making him ancient. Diotima knows this is not true. She speaks of the way Love was conceived, a clever scheme by a god to escape her misfortunes. It seems the goddess of poverty, Penia laid down beside Poros and became pregnant with Love (Nehamas & Woodruff, pg.48) This makes Love unique. Love is good, though, because he is a lover of wisdom, that is, he pursues the notion of philosophy. But, he is in between wisdom and ignorance (Nehamas & Woodruff, pg. 49), according to Diotima, which is much different an account from the other speakers. Phaedrus had placed Love at the top of all gods,...

Find Another Essay On Accounts of Eros in the Plato's "Symposium"

Knowledge of Good in Plato's The Republic

970 words - 4 pages than to return to the darkness of the cave. He is not offering any real proof to support his belief. So he really has no solid evidence to back him up. If there is no evidence to show that the capacity for goodness is innate in human beings and that people who have seen what goodness is will want to be good, then there is also no justification for the belief that attaining the idea of good is sufficient for being good. Basically, Plato's vision

Plato's view of Justice in The Republic

2931 words - 12 pages Discuss Plato's view of Justice in The Republic.Having lived an extraordinarily long life (for his time), with no consistent doctrine of belief, it has become customary to divide Plato's writings chronologically into three periods, Early, Middle and Late. The Republic, a collection of ten books, is thought to have been written after Phaedo during the 'middle-period' of Plato's life. It is during this period that Plato's philosophy becomes his

Comparing the Forgotten God of Love in Robert Bridges’ Poem EPÙÓ and Anne Stevenson’s Poem Eros

847 words - 3 pages Comparing the Forgotten God of Love in Robert Bridges’ Poem EPÙÓ and Anne Stevenson’s Poem Eros It is often—in books, poems, paintings, and sculptures—that one hears of and sees the goddess of love. But when is it that one hears of the god? In Greek mythology, Eros is the god of love, and a god who is many times overlooked. In Robert Bridges’ “EPÙÓ” and Anne Stevenson’s “Eros”, the idea that Eros is overlooked is portrayed, but in two

Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium

1949 words - 8 pages The Significance of Feet in Plato’s Symposium Plato’s Symposium presents an account of the party given at the house of Agathon, where Socrates and Alcibiades are in attendance. The men at the party take turns eulogizing the god Eros. In Agathon’s eulogy, he describes Eros as a soft and tender being. When Socrates speaks, however, he makes a correction of his host’s account, by saying the soft and tender thing is the beloved, and not the

Interpretation of Love in Plato’s Symposium

2199 words - 9 pages necessity is different across individual minds because the way that each person defines beauty and goodness is distinct from one another. It can be said that one’s mind is the source of love, creating differences among people and the things that they love. This is further supported by the numerous accounts of love that is given by each speaker in The Symposium. The text divulges how love is defined according to the speaker’s judgment and thought

The Allegory of the Cave in Plato's Republic

1312 words - 5 pages The Allegory of the Cave in Plato's Republic This paper discussed The Allegory of The Cave in Plato's Republic, and tries to unfold the messages Plato wishes to convey with regard to his conception of reality, knowledge and education. THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE Plato's "Allegory of the Cave" is a story that conveys his theory of how we come to know, or how we attain true knowledge. It is also an introduction into his metaphysical

The example of the slave boy in Plato's meno

1039 words - 4 pages The example of the slave boy in Plato's meno helps to support Plato's argument that we do not just have knowledge, and that we know things only by recollection. The theory of recollection investigates if we have already learned knowledge by previous experiences. There are several questions to raise with this theory such as where knowledge comes from in the first place and what exactly it is that we are remembering. The theory tries to help solve

Plato's Allegory of the Cave - It's Importance in Today's World

2849 words - 11 pages Plato's Allegory of the Cave - It's Importance in Today's World Our society so values education that sociologists have recognized the problem of "over-education" (Hadjicostandi). Many people are spending years pursuing degrees which they simply do not need for the jobs they perform. It is therefore prudent for students to question whether pursuing a liberal education is really as important as our society believes. What is the point of a

Accounts for the rise of the Ku Klux Klan in America in the 1920s

2322 words - 9 pages financial opportunism and the chameleonic nature of the Klan , that successfully manipulated existing grievances into a barrage of support for the hooded order. Factors such as popular cultural revisionism , World War One and the ensuing changes to the traditional American way of life as well as the hatred of foreigners were contributing factors to the Klan's re-birth. In addition, the agricultural depression as well as the elaborate pageantry and appeal

Democracy in Plato's the Republic

1279 words - 5 pages Democracy in the Republic In Plato's Republic democracy made a controversial issue in a critique by Socrates. The theory of the soul accounts for the controversy as it states that the soul is divided into three parts: the rational, the spirited, and the appetite which are ranked respectively. The idea of the soul's three parts and the soul being ruled by a dominant part is used as the basis for identifying justice and virtue. However, the

Justice in Plato's "The Republic"

713 words - 3 pages alternative but to accept the logic of Socrates. In Plato's The Republic, Socrates has been made into an invincible man. There is no argument he cannot win and no point that he cannot refute. In the end his logic and intelligence prove to be too much for Cephalus, Polemarchus, and Thrasymachus. The arguments placed before him were complete enough to be successfully refuted and the intelligence of his opponents was lacking enough to further build up the greatness of Plato's Socrates. Justice can take on many definitions and many forms but to Socrates, they are all wrong.

Similar Essays

Love In Plato's Symposium Essay

1236 words - 5 pages example is from the speech of Phaedrus from "Symposium." He says that when you see your lover do something shameful or you do something shameful in front of your lover, that is the worst feeling that you can have. For this statement to be something that an educated person would think it has to include value, meaning, importance and weight. This would not fall under any of those criteria. If you feel shameful, at anytime, around your lover then that

The Title Is "Symposium" Diotimas View On Reproduction , Love, The Nature Of Eros, And Beauty

1639 words - 7 pages Eros, possibly one of the most difficult words for man to define, is cleverly studied in Plato's "Symposium". Philosophy is the most perfect form of love, in fact, since the philosopher is the lover of wisdom and wisdom is the most beautiful thing of all. The lover is intermediate between being beautiful and ugly: if he were ugly, he would have no appreciation of beauty. Diotima, in her speech, explains that while almost all kinds of desire can

Aristophanes' Theory Of Love In The Symposium

1100 words - 4 pages Aristophanes' Theory of Love in the Symposium 2. Aristophanes' Theory of love: from Plato's Symposium The love as discussed by the characters in the Symposium is homosexual love. Some assumed that homosexuality alone is capable of satisfying “a man’s highest and noblest aspirations”. Whereas heterosexual love is placed at an inferior level, being described as only existing for carnal reasons; its ultimate purpose being procreation

Necessary Physical Contant In D.H. Lawrence's Women In Love And Plato's Symposium

2665 words - 11 pages between the two works’ philosophies manifest in a difference in importance: Lawrence stresses the physical connection as paramount, while Plato describes that both physical and mental connections are necessary. Works Cited Griffith, Tom, trans. Symposium of Plato. Los Angeles: University of California P, 1989. Hecht, Jamey. Plato's Symposium: Eros and the Human Predicament. New York: Twayne, 1999. Lawrence, D.H. Women in Love. New York