This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Acid Rain Causes And Effects.

1985 words - 8 pages

Acid rain, more correctly, acid precipitation, is the rain, snow, fog, hail, mist etc. that has a pH level below 5.6, the average acidity of rain. There are many factors which contribute to the acidity, some occurring naturally and others which are produced by industrial activity. Since it can be carried many hundreds of kilometres by winds, acid pollutants emitted in one country may be deposited as acid rain in other countries which makes the problem very hard to contain. Acid rain can have terrible effects on the environment by damaging forests and crops or by lowering the pH of the lakes and rivers, making the water too acidic for many aquatic plants and animals to live. It is also responsible for damage to statues and buildings.The normal acidity of unpolluted rainwater is caused by the natural presence of carbon dioxide (CO2), found in the troposphere (the lowest layer of the atmosphere). The existence of CO2 is caused by decomposition of organic materials. It makes the rain slightly acid because the CO2 dissolves in water to form carbonic acid. Rain can also become acetic from volcanic eruptions and forests fires, even reactions that happen between nitrogen and oxygen in lightning storms.Reactions Between Carbon Dioxide and Water:(Equations from: )The occurrence of unnaturally acidic rain is caused by the release of oxides of nitric oxide (NO) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) which when combined with the moisture in the air, may fall as rain with the acidity of sulfuric or nitric acids. About one-fourth of the acidity of rain is accounted for by nitric acid (HNO3). In addition to the natural processes that form small amounts of nitric acid in rainwater, any combustion or burning process will produce NO gas. The main sources of emissions of nitrogen oxides, at high levels, are vehicles, residential and commercial furnaces and engines. NO gas then forms nitric acid which is found in acid rain (see equations below). Consequently, a process that occurs naturally, at levels that the environment can handle, can harm the environment when human activity causes the process to occur at a much higher level.The Formation of Nitric Acid:(Equations from: )The majority of the acid content found in rainwater is sulfuric acid (H2SO4). Although sulfuric acid can be produced naturally in small quantities from natural decay of organisms and volcanic activity, it is produced almost entirely by human activity. It is generally a by-product of industrial going-ons and burning of fossil fuels. Ore smelting, coal-fired power generators and natural gas processing are the main contributors. When fossil fuels are burned, the sulfur contained in them reacts with oxygen from the air to form the SO2. Sulfur dioxide, like the oxides of carbon and nitrogen, reacts with water to form sulfuric acid.(Equation from: )(Diagram from: )It must also be noted that although CO2 is present in a much higher concentration than NO and SO2, CO2, it does not form acid to the same extent as the...

Find Another Essay On Acid Rain - Causes and effects.

The effect and causes of Acid Rain and what can be done to reduce those causes!

3296 words - 13 pages humans may become starved if the acid rain effects increase. Acid rain causes death of soil, plants and animals, affecting the ecosystem. Also the quality of air is depleting, increasing the amount of smog and pollution in our atmosphere. Once the acid is absorbed in the soil, this puts the ecosystem in risk of extinction. This is killing plants, animal, and soil, which is the basis of our existence. If this acid rain problem is not dealt with

What Are the Effects of Acid Rain?

2667 words - 11 pages drops will decrease (“Acid Rain Causes and Effects” 3). By the time the protective coating of epidermis cells becomes weak, the power that defends the invasion by bacilli will have been feeble. Most importantly, bacterial parasites will easily reproduce. Hence, the foliage which is eroded by acid rain can be a hotbed of bacilli’s reproduction (Canter 86).In addition, acid rain may cause the stoma of foliage to lose its function as a

Should We Fix Acid Rain? What is acid rain and its causes? Should we fix it? By who and how should it be fixed?

1111 words - 4 pages water sources, it may release aluminium or cadmium ions from the soil or eroded rocks. This causes all fish eggs to die out, and it will cause the fishes' gills to clog up with mucus, suffocating most the fish and making life in the waters extinct. Acid precipitation also kills amphibians and insects, completely altering the food chain and the eco-system and therefore killing off many other animals as well. Since acid rain can move and be deposited

This essay dicusses the cause, effects, and prevention of acid rain

1438 words - 6 pages United States they may not "rain down" until they hit Europe. In this essay, I will talk about the cause, effects, and prevention of Acid Rain.Two primary sources of Acid Rain are Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide. Sulfur Oxide is a colorless gas that is released as a by-product of combusted fossil fuels containing Sulfur. Industrial processes, like the production of iron, steel, utility factories, and crude oil processing produce this gas. In

Acid Rain and Its Harmful Effects on All Forms of Life

1371 words - 5 pages Acid Rain and Its Harmful Effects on All Forms of Life Pollution comes in various forms. Whether it’s toxic waste, CFC’s, or sewage, they are all hazardous, to the earth. These can deplete the earth and it’s inhabitants of resources, causing a harmful change. A product of pollution is acid rain. We shall see that acidification is harmful to all forms of life. Acid rain is any form of precipitation that is polluted by sulphur dioxide (SO2

The effects of acid rain on nature, humans and our environment

1106 words - 4 pages oxides are also given out through natural processes such as volcano activities, fires, lightening and bacteria action in soils.Acid rain is a worldwide problem. The effects of acid rain on the environment are huge. Wherever the slightly acidic solution falls, it can have a serious impact on humans, animals, even buildings and trees.Acid rain can harm and even kills natural vegetation and crops. The roots are damaged by the acid, slowing the

Air pollution (acid rain, common pollutants, indoor/outdoor air pollution) and its effects on the environment

3640 words - 15 pages Scandinavia, since the 1950s. This became a political issue in the 1980s, when Canada claimed that the U.S. was poisoning its waters and forest. Acts such as the Clean Air Act have since been passed to curb emissions of acid rain components.Air pollution has several destructive effects on the earth and all it contains. First, air pollutants can impair the health of every organ in the human body, and affects plants and animals alike. Smog's easiest targets

What are the Effects of Acid Rain on Germination?

1242 words - 5 pages What are the Effects of Acid Rain on Germination What are the Effects of Acid Rain on Germination? PURPOSE The purpose of this experiment was to determine the effect� of acid on seed germination. I became interested in this idea because I know that� acid rain is becoming� a factor in pollution around the world.� I know this from books I've studied and news articles I�ve read. The information gained from this experiment may

Grade A Lab Report on The Effects of Acid Rain with the Germination of Pea Plants Including 2 data charts

1190 words - 5 pages , harming countryside. The real question is whether or not Acid rain effects the growth or germination of plants.In this experiment we are testing if acid rain effects the growth or germination of common pea seeds. The independent variable in this experiment is the replica of the acid rain (or the PH level), while the dependent variable is the growth/and or germination of the pea seeds. This is a common problem in our environment today as rain

The Goal Of This Research Paper Is To Describe Rain Forests, Demonstrate Some Of The Causes And Effects Of Deforestation, And Explain What Is Already Being Done To Prevent It

1486 words - 6 pages Leslie Taylor, the author of Herbal Secrets from the Rain Forest and the Raintree Nutrition Inc website, says that "rain forests are the world's greatest natural resources and the most powerful and bio-actively diverse natural phenomenon on the planet." In spite of this, they are being destroyed every day. The goal of this research paper is to describe rain forests, demonstrate some of the causes and effects of deforestation, and explain what is

Air Pollution and Acid Rain

1408 words - 6 pages Air Pollution is not a new topic. It is a problem that we have noticed since the industrial revolution, when trees, houses and cars were covered in soot from the factories. People demanded change then, just as they are demanding it now. With all the talk of acid rain, global warming and ozone depletion it seems hopeless, but it isn't. Everyone can make a difference. After reading this you will understand the causes, effects and possible

Similar Essays

Acid Rain And Its Effects Essay

742 words - 3 pages the fish and causes them to produce mucus in order to combat the irritant. In fry (baby fish), so much mucus is produced that it eventually strangles them to death.Acid rain does not destroy a lake in a short period of time. It is the build up of pollutants over time that eventually destroys the lake's ability to neutralise the acid. After years of this rain, the entire make up of the lake is altered. The crustaceans, (snails, clams, and crayfish

Acid Rain And Its Effects On Society

2086 words - 8 pages When we hear someone mentioning the word ‘Acid Rain’, we can find out from the word itself what the person is talking about. The word itself tells us that acid rain is nothing but rain which is acidic in nature. To understand the effects of acid rain and how it is caused, we must first understand the difference between a normal liquid and an acid.acid we know that when a positive ion combines with a negative ion, it forms an ionic

Chemistry And Effects Of Acid Rain

730 words - 3 pages Kerim Sermet Dr. Ian Alberts SCC 101 28 May 2014 CHEMISTRY AND EFFECTS OF ACID RAIN Living in a clear atmosphere has become a very important issue ever since the start of Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. Transmition from hand manufacturing to machines and the use of coal as a fuel was no doubt more efficient but had serious consequences. The biggest negative consequence is the release of

Detrimental Effects Of Acid Rain Essay

1393 words - 6 pages facts before we label utilities as the major source of acid rain.” This was a popular view on the opposing side of the environmentalists. They claimed there was not enough science to substantiate the causes and effects of acid deposition and did not want to undergo million dollar operations to reduce their sulfur emissions. On January 19th the Edison Electric Association held a meeting to invite other companies to join the Alliance for