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Acknowledging Depressive Symptoms As Beneficial Defense Mechanism From Biological And Social Aspect

1876 words - 8 pages

Severity of health related problems could vary across patients, and those symptoms could exhibit temporarily or permanently. For instance, common cold (bacterial infections) could be medicated by antibiotics, while spinal code injuries could result in permanent paralysis. Despite different degrees of symptoms, society tends to connote “symptoms” as harmful without understanding the feature’s severity. However, should we simply categorize all symptoms as harmful, and medicate every problem through therapy or medication? Indeed, some symptoms, like benign tumor, are solely parasitic, and those symptoms require immediate treatment. However, physicians acknowledge that some symptoms are beneficial in some occasions. For example, sickle-cell anemia benefits patients, since it immune patients from contracting severer infections called malaria (Kwiatkowski, 2005, p. 176). Compare to malaria, which is extremely fatal, sickle cell, crescent hemoglobin that causes oxygen’s shortage, is less harmful, where malaria is dominant. As a result, sickle-cell anemia is not necessary a bad symptom in that particular circumstances. In other word, severity of some diseases is not as pejorative as contracting more harmful diseases. Similar to Sickle cell anemia, depression is another “good symptom” that prevent people from getting infected to other fatal diseases or problems. Indeed, depression in general is harmful for causing following list of problems (Appendix 1: Table 1). In addition to those symptoms, Kramer and Leserman consider that depression is harmful for aggravating cardiovascular problems, HIV, and cancer. Kramer (2005) claims that a correlation between heart attack and major depression shows that major depression could be fatal. Leserman (2008) states that depressed people who have Human Immunodeficiency Virus, have higher mortality rate. Despite the long list of potential symptoms, depression is not solely pejorative, when considering beneficial factors. Although psychiatrists and researchers argue that depression related symptoms require immediate treatments for considering its detrimental primary and secondary effects, depression outweighs its potential costs by aiding and improving defense mechanism through consuming selectively, conserving energy, avoiding pathogens and danger, and refraining from transmitting disease.
While Kramer conveys that depression would increase the potential risk of developing heart attack, depression minimizes risk through reducing the appetite and aiding selective consumption: ingesting less cholesterol and lipids. According to Levy (1986), “excess cholesterol in the artery would develop a plaque, and that triggers clog in the hemoglobin pathway in the vein” (p. 19). Shortage in the oxygen would lead to the major cause of heart attack. As a result, if correlation between heart attack and depression exists, then the depression must promote patients to consume more cholesterol than that of average intake. However, this...

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