Actions And Agents Essay

925 words - 4 pages

Aristotle believed there are four types of actions: voluntary, involuntary non-voluntary, and compulsory. Voluntary actions are actions that an individual does without outside influence and with absolute knowledge of the situation and the outcome. One example of a voluntary action is I go to college to get an education to better myself and receive the outcome of a degree. Another example of a voluntary action is noticing a red traffic light, proceeding through a red light, and knowing of the consequence of a ticket if caught. Actions done without knowing some aspect of the action are titled involuntary. This unknown aspect, if known, may have yielded an altered result. An example of an involuntary action is striking a parked vehicle with your car and not leaving a note but, not knowing, a witness wrote down your car’s information. If the individual knew a witness observed the damage to the vehicle, they may have decided on a different course of action. Nonvoluntary actions are that in which a part of the information is unknown and the individual does not care to know the missing information. An example of this is a mother wondering where her children have gone but, assuming they are playing in their room without checking. Although, the mother may care about her children, she does not know if the children are in their room and does not care to check. When an action is partly due to another factor outside of yourself this is named compulsory. An example of a compulsory action is a man selling his favorite car because someone offered him an insane amount of money for it and he is tight on money; in this circumstance the outside factor affecting his decision is the insane amount of money. Without that amount being offered the man would be unlikely to sell his favorite car.
Now we explore if all these actions should receive the same amount of praise or punishment. I believe all actions should receive the same amount punishment except compulsory. If you commit an act, it is your responsibility to know all the information and consequences surrounding that action. If you decide to commit an action without all the knowledge of the situation, that is nobody’s burden but your own. The only reason a compulsory action should be less punishable is because the action involves an outside factor and sometimes this factor is out of your control. An example of this is a bully beating up a victim. If a bully tells a victim give me your money or I will beat you up. The victim should not be punished for either giving his money away or getting beat up because one or the other had to happen and no other...

Find Another Essay On Actions and agents

Biology and Chemical Warfare Essay

1790 words - 7 pages or country tried to stop Iraq's actions. As a result, in the 1991 Persian Gulf War, which pitted Iraq against an alliance led by the United States, many nations that had been silent about Iraq's actions faced an Iraqi army equipped with biological and chemical weapons. Ground fighting in the Gulf War lasted only a few days, and Iraq apparently did not fire any chemical or biological agents, but the experience prompted renewed attention to the

Ethics 230 Essay

1654 words - 7 pages includes an option on how to resolve the conflicts. According to the theory, if the principles lead to conflicting actions, then moral agents should resolve the conflict on a case-by-case basis by deciding which principle should be followed given the proposed actions and circumstances. To begin the assessment of Sally’s moral theory we must look at the strengths of the theory, I have chosen to focus on autonomy, as it is vital when defining a

Exploring Whether All Morality Should Reduce to Respecting Autonomy

1684 words - 7 pages theory does not respect an individual and their decisions as much as it respects autonomy, does not efficiently discourage unequal cruelty to non-autonomous agents, and does not imprint any value on care, love, beneficence, fidelity, etc. that may be underlying reasons behind our actions. For the argument that respecting autonomy does not mean respecting the agent and their choices, a deeper inspection at autonomy can resolve this issue. Autonomy

Suguru Ishizaki's Improvisational Design: Continuous Responsive Digital Communication

627 words - 3 pages auditory and visual signals, but then recede in prominence over time and do so through the actions of design agents interacting with other dynamic design agents. These agents remain under the full control of the designer, although Ishizaki does propose that computerized tools could be developed to assist the designer. The designer remains in full control of the birth of the agents and their termination. To illustrate the potential of this

Formal Specification Language for Agent-Based Systems

2663 words - 11 pages of multi-agent systems Agency is the most important notion in agent-oriented and agent-based computing, though what agent hood exactly means is a matter of controversy. People tend to characterize agents as computation systems that have certain properties. Among many such properties are the following. • Autonomous: the capability of performing autonomous actions. • Pro-activity: the capability of exhibiting opportunistic and goal-directed

Organizational structure of Dimitri

2934 words - 12 pages organizational problem and at worst, it can lead to open conflict between functional departments, in which the needs of clients and customers are ignored. We can see these two disadvantages reflected in Action between the secretaries and agents and the commercial only agents and the other agents. To solve these problems, Action needs to reorganize its functional departmentation to product departmentation by combine some accountants and secretaries with


4921 words - 20 pages networks, Frames, Production systems, Bayesian networks, Fuzzy systems. d. Architecture d'agent L'architecture d'agent est une méthodologie particulière pour établir les agents. Elle spécifie : 1. Comment les parties différentes peuvent être assemblées ? 2. Comment l'agent peut accomplir ses actions nécessaires ? 3. Comment les parties peuvent interagir les uns avec les autres ? Il existe

Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA

1013 words - 5 pages bomb until a certain year, but that was wrong when they discovered that the Russians had been testing the bomb in the atmosphere. Some of the directors were recruiting people from colleges to enlist so they could be sent to China to obtain secret information. They were told that they were going to be dropped into China and had to find the nearest village. They had dropped the agents along with weapons, ammunition and radios into China

Diagnosis of Unwanted Behaviours in Multi-Agent Systems

3796 words - 16 pages }_{i}$ at time $k$ with probability designed by $\overline{\omega_{i}} \left( x_{k}\right)$ (line 3); then all agents update their internal states $s_{i,k+1} \longleftarrow d_{i}\left( s_{i,k}, y_{i,k} \right)$ (line 4). The agents choose actions as their decision making function (line 5) and the environment evolves to the next state by $x_{k+1} = \overline{f}\left( x_{k}, u_{k} \right)$ (line 6). After this, all agents' performance are calculated

Agency Theory or Principal Agent Theory

704 words - 3 pages . Besides that, matters of organizational and contractual design must be tackled with these objectives in mind in order to avoid agents making self-interested decisions that give effects on shareholders. A contract is usually drawn up between the principals and agents, which will provide guideline on desired agent actions and behaviors under all circumstances. The main reason of having this contract is to minimize profit losses for the shareholders

Incident at Oglala

567 words - 2 pages In the case of Leonard Peltier, his arrest and conviction were the result of the atmosphere of fear, anxiety, tension, and violence prevalent in the cultural and historical contexts associated with the murder of the two FBI agents. The video Incident at Oglala describes this atmosphere, highlighting previous events that had built up the tension between the Native Americans on the reservation and the surrounding community and pointing out that

Similar Essays

Toward Effective Emotional Intelligence Simulation Essay

590 words - 2 pages understanding, the cognitive activity of making inferences using emotional knowledge about why an agent is in an emotional state (e.g., unfair treatment makes an individual angry) and which actions are associated with the emotional state (e.g., an angry individual attacks others). Such emotion understanding in humans develops through their experiences with other agents. How might such learning in humans inform a model to enable artificial

Steering Behavior In Virtual Environment Essay

667 words - 3 pages , interactive media such as games and virtual reality there is need for intelligent agent, those who can navigate according to requirement. These agents may have some ability to improvise their actions according to situation. This project will use the term intelligent to denote these agents which are intelligent agents in a virtual world who may be interacting with other agents. Intelligent agents are intended for use in computer animation and

Incapacitating Lethal Agents Essay

1244 words - 5 pages actions cause the enemy to be overcome by digestive distress. Then around 184 B.C. Hannibal did the same thing using belladonna plants. The Belladonna plant causes disorientation. Dating back to World War II, the United State government tested the possibility of using incapacitating agents on enemy forces. Some of the major agents, which later became known as drugs, were LSD, BZ, and marijuana. The only one that actually made it out of the testing

Explain How A Film You Have Studied Depicts Conflict, And Discuss How This Depiction Influences The Viewers' Response To The Ideas And Characters In The Film

1290 words - 5 pages taking a stand against racist acts. This act of cruelty and violence led to the FBI agents entering the County and attempting to solve the crime. The Jessup County police play a major role in racist acts. They continue to cause havoc by burning houses, murdering African American people, torturing African American people and committing crimes against them.Their racist attitudes and actions are shocking to the FBI agents, especially Agent Ward. "How